Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих

Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих Залог недвижимости

Все времена активного залога — английский язык, тесты

Exercise 1.

  • Я часто приезжаю в Испанию со своими родителями.

  • Твой лучший друг любит путешествовать?

  • Моя сестра обычно проводит летние каникулы на морском побережье.

  • Нина и Миша собираются посетить интересные места в Америке.

  • Что ты делаешь сейчас? Я пишу ответ своему зарубежному другу.

  • Мы будем участвовать в школьном соревновании на следующей неделе.

  • Дети никогда не любят проигрывать.

  • Ты уже написал объявление о школьном концерте?- Да, я сделал это.

  • Поспеши! Через час будет интересная телевизионная программа.

  • Ты когда-нибудь был в Канаде?

  • Моя мама только что приготовила вкусный обед.

  • Посмотри! Черная кошка играет со своим котенком.

  • Мой маленький брат ненавидит есть кашу по утрам.

  • Вы не возражаете, если я закрою окно? Мне очень холодно.

  • Ты бросила заниматься фигурным катанием в прошлом году? Да, это было трудно для меня.

  • Ты поедешь в Санкт- Петербург в следующем году?

  • Уильям Шекспир был известным английским писателем.

  • Я увлекаюсь коллекционированием значков.

  • Мы еще не сделали свою домашнюю работу.

  • Завтра у меня день рождения. Я приглашу много своих друзей.

  • Exercise 2.

  • Often, go, to, we, cinema, the.

  • Not, cooking, breakfast, is, she.

  • Lived, he, Moscow, in, last, year.

  • Son, goes, to, school, every, day, his.

  • I, read, shall, next, week, book, this.

  • Will, get, up, she, tomorrow, at, 8 o clock.

  • Does, not, live, he, London, in.

  • Playing, the, piano, is, she, now.

  • Never, taken, has, he, part, conference, in, international, the.

  • make, teenagers, usually, the, in, bonfires, camp.

  • They, just, have, back, come, England, from.

  • Seen, have, my, friends, not, yet, film, this.

  • making, I, like, friends, new.

  • will, visit, John, places, historical, next, summer.

  • Grandpa, my, up, gave, last, year, smoking.

  • is, Kate, going, buy, to, souvenirs, nice.

  • share, I, room, little, brother, with, my, the.

  • present, classmate, my, given, has, her, to, granny, recently.

  • ever, have, you, of, heard, Princess Diana?

  • rich, in, London, museums, is, famous.

  • Exercise 3.

  • Give me your mothers hat, please.

  • Does you usually win in school competition?

  • This museum are famous for big wax figures.

  • I have not never been to Italy.

  • My best friend have not seen the comedy yet.

  • My family live in a nice detached house last year.

  • Do you have a good weekend yesterday?

  • At this moment Ann am swimming in the lake with clear water.

  • The father already bought the flowers to mum`s birthday.

  • I gone sightseeing in Saint Petersburg last summer.

  • Simona often travel around the world with her family.

  • The children celebrate Halloween next month.

  • Who does like studying French in our group?

  • Sometimes I am going shopping with my sister.

  • Has you already finished the letter?- Yes, I did.

  • They (start) work at 9:00 a.m.

  • He (talk) on the phone right now

  • They (redecorate) their house this week

  • He (take) a shower has breakfast and (go) to school.

  • He (take) his cat to the vet tomorrow.

  • She (live) in Moscow).

  • Tom (catch) the train to work every morning.

  • He (clean) his room

  • We (try) to find tickets for the concert for three weeks.

  • Fred (work) for the company for ten weeks.

  • They (buy) a new car.

  • Kate (leave) the sports club late yesterday.

  • Nike (come) home (change) his clothes and (go) out again.

  • The children (walk) to school at 8:00 a.m. Yesterday.

  • Ann (go) to Bob’s house at 5 in the afternoon.

  • I (do) my homework while my brother (play) a computer game.

  • He (cook) for over an hour.

  • The washer (work) fine now.

  • Упражнения на времена английского глагола. Уровень Pre-Intermediate.

    Упражнение 2. Copy the sentences and note if they refer to the present, past or future. Write the tense against each sentence.

    Example: He cut his finger with a knife. (Simple Past)

    Упражнение 3. Put the following sentences into the correct tense: Simple PastSimple PresentPresent Continuous or Past Continuous, Present Perfect.

  • I ________ (listen) to the radio while Mary __________ (cook) dinner.

  • You __________ (buy) this book yesterday?

  • Last Friday Jill __________ (go) home early because she __________ (want) to see a film.

  • When your brother usually __________ (get) home in the evening?

  • Jane always __________ (bring) us a nice present.

  • What those people __________ (do) in the middle of the road?

  • You __________ (read) this book?

  • While Fred __________ (sleep), Judy __________ (watch) TV.

  • When I __________ (be) young, I __________ (think) Mary  __________ (be) nice — but now I  __________ (think) she’s fantastic.

  • Jill __________ (walk) home when she __________ (see) her husband’s car outside the cinema

  • Look there! Sue and Tim __________ (run) to school.

  • Jack’s father __________ (not work) in London — he __________ (not speak) English.

  • Joe __________ (buy) a car yesterday.

  • Their father often __________ (go) to rock concerts.

  • While you __________ (sleep), mother __________ (arrive).

  • Упражнение 4. Исправьте ошибки.

    Упражнения на времена английского глагола. Уровень Intermediate.

    Упражнение 5. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense form (Present Simple, Present Perfect, Present Continuous, Past Simple, Past Continuous).

    Упражнение 6Раскройте скобки употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Future Simple, Present Continuous или поставьте конструкцию to be going to inf.

    Упражнение 7. Раскройте скобки употребляя глаголы в Future Continuous, Present Continuous, Future Simple или поставьте конструкцию to be going to inf.

     Упражнение 8. Упражнение раскройте скобкиупотребляя глаголы в Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, Past Simple.

    Упражнение 9. Pаскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect, Past Simple или Present Perfect Continuous.

    Упражнения на времена английского глагола. Уровень Upper -Intermediate.

    Упражнение 10. Подчеркните правильно выбранное время.

    Упражнение 11. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect, Past Simple или Present Perfect Continuous.

  • Today is Thursday, and John ________ (be) late twice this week; he________ (be) late yesterday and on Monday.

  • I first________ (meet) George a month ago, and I ________ (meet) him several times since then.

  • It is October now, and we ________ (do) a lot of work this year; we ________ (do) a lot last year too.

  • She ________ (buy) a coat last winter, but she________ (not / buy) a new dress since 2008.

  • It’s only the middle of the month, and he________ (spend) (already) most of his salary; he ________ (spend) $60 yesterday,

  • I ________ (break) my leg in 1991, but I ________ (break) (never) my arm.

  • He’s over sixty, and he’s still working. He ________ (work) hard all his life. When he ________ (be) a young man, he sometimes ________ (work) all night.

  • The postman ________ (come) at eight yesterday, but it’s now half past eight and he ________ (not / come) yet.

  • Today is May 25th. Ted ________ (not / be) absent this month.

  • He ________ (feel) extremely ill when he went to hospital, but he ________ (feel) much better since he came out of hospital a month ago.

  • Упражнения на все 16 времен действительного залога

    Упражнение 260

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1. When morning came, the storm already (to stop), but the snow still (to fall). 2. Yesterday by eight o’clock he (to finish) all his homework, and when I (to come) to his place at nine, he (to read).

    3. I (to wait) for permission to go abroad for three weeks already, but I (not to receive) the visa yet.

    4. Everybody (to be) at the door of the museum, but my friend (not yet to come). 5. We (to drink) tea when the telephone (to ring). 6. Johnny noticed that every­body (to look) at him, and he (to feel) shy. 7. Light (to travel) more quickly than sound. 8. When I (to come) to Pete’s house last Sunday, he (to read) a new book. He (to say) he (to give) it to me soon. Today I (to take) it from him. Now I (to read) it. I (to finish) it by Friday. If you like, I (to give) it to you on Sat­urday when you (to come) to see me. 9. When will he come? We (to wait) for him for half an hour already. 10. On leaving the hall, the students (to thank) the professor who (to deliver) the lecture. 11.We al­ready (to cover) about ten miles when Peter, who (to look) out of the window for the last five or ten min­utes, suddenly exclaimed, «Here is the station!»

    Упражнение 261

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1.Не (to be) here five minutes ago, but you (to be) out. He (to ask) me to tell you that he (to come)

    again tonight. 2. You (to read) «The Murder of Rog­er Ackroyd» by Agatha Christie? — No, I (not yet to read) it. But I (to hear) that it (to be) a very in­teresting book. I (to read) it as soon as I (to get) it. 3. When we (to come) to the station, the train al­ready (to arrive). The passengers (to hurry) to occu­py their seats in the carriages. 4. The concert (to be) a greater success than we (to expect). We were very glad. 5. He (to tell) me that if no one (to come) to meet me at the station, I (can) leave the suitcases in the checkroom and go to the hotel where he (to re­serve) a room for me. 6. Lanny (to return) home af­ter seven years of absence. During these seven years he (to study) in Cape Town where his people (to send) him. Lanny was glad at the thought that he (to do) what they (to hope) he (to do) and that soon he (to be) among his people again.

    Упражнение 262

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1. We could not go out because it (to rain) hard since early morning. 2. She (to teach) at our school for twenty years now. 3. Ring me up as soon as you (to come) home. 4. He (to begin) to write his compo­sition at three o’clock. It is already eleven, and he still (to write) it. He says he (to finish) it by twelve. 5. We (to help) our librarian to put the books in the right order for three days already, but we (to ar­range) only half the books. 6. What you (to do) when I (to come) in? 7. When I (to come) to his house, they (to tell) me that he (to leave) an hour before. 8. On checking up his answers he (to find) out that he (to make) several mistakes. 9. When I (to leave) home, the snow already (to stop), but a strong wind (to blow). 10. You (to read) this book? — Yes, I (to read)


    it. I (to think) it (to be) very interesting. 11. What the children (to do) now? — Oh, they (to play) the new board game which I just (to buy) for them. 12. They (to reach) the corner of the street by now and (to stand) at the bus stop. 13. After we (to walk) about two hours, we arrived at a picturesque giade covered with fresh grass. 14. That (to be) what I (to com­plain) about.

    Упражнение 263

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1. At last the librarian (to give) me the book which I (to wait) for during two months. I was very glad. I (to go) home and (to begin) reading it at once. 2. Don’t speak to him: he (to be) very busy, he (to do) some very urgent work. 3. I did not want him to go there: I (to be) afraid that something (to happen).

    4. I did not notice that my watch (to stop), and when I (to arrive) at the station, my train (to leave) and I (to have) to ask when the next train (to come).

    5. He (to wait) for fifteen minutes when at last he (to see) her at the end of the platform. 6. By the end of the year he (to read) about two hundred pages. 7. We were happy when the sun (to rise), for the night (to be) very cold. 8. Where you (to put) my dictionary? I cannot find it anywhere. 9. I (not yet to fall) asleep when the telephone (to ring). 10. What you (to do) from six till nine yesterday? 11. The chil­dren (to play) here at eleven o’clock, but now they (to go) home. 12. Go to see your old grandfather as soon as you (to arrive) in Novgorod. 13. You always (to spend) summer at the seaside? — Yes, as a rule. Last summer I (to go) to the mountains, but I (not to find) the rest there as pleasant as near the sea. 14. When they returned, they (to tell) us many in-

    Употребление времен

    teresting things which they (to see) during their journey. 15. When I (to leave) home, it (to rain).

    Упражнение 264

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1. Our train starts late in the evening, so if you (to come) at seven o’clock, we still (to pack) our lug­gage. 2. When you (to see) him last? 3. I (to meet) him when he (to walk) across the park. 4. You ever (to act) on the stage? — Why, yes, that’s what I (to do) for the last six years. 5. Don’t enter the bedroom! The child (to sleep) there, and he always (to wake) up when somebody (to open) the door. 6. Where is your luggage? — I (to leave) it at the station. I (to take) it tomorrow when Nick (to come) to help me.

    7. I (to read) about an hour when he (to come).

    8. The play (not yet to begin) and the people (to talk) in the hall. 9. One night a little swallow (to fly) over the city. His friends (to fly) away to Egypt six weeks before, but he (to stay) behind. 10. What you (to do) these three months? 11. Yesterday I (to buy) a new pair of gloves, as I (to lose) the old ones. 12. We (to walk) in silence. He already (to tell) me all that (to be) interesting about himself, and I (to have) noth­ing to tell him. 13. The moon (not to rise) yet, and only two stars, like two distant lighthouses, (to shine) in the dark blue sky.

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих

    Упражнение 265

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1. What you (to read)? — I (to read) a magazine. — How long you (to read) it? — I (to read) it for half an hour. 2. She (to live) in Moscow for ten years


    Употребление времен

    when her sister (to come) to live with her. 3. Our teacher (to come). Now he (to speak) with our librar­ian. 4. They (to speak) when I (to look) at them. 5. What you (to do) here? — I (to prepare) for my report. — How long you (to prepare) for it? — Oh, I (to work) since morning. 6. He (to teach) at school for five years when the war (to break) out. 7. She (to study) English since last year. 8. You ever (to be) to London? — Yes, I (to be) there last summer.

    9. What your friend (to do) now? — She (to have)
    dinner. She usually (to have) dinner at this time.

    10. I (to buy) a new dress. I (to show) it to you to­
    morrow when you (to come) to my place. 11. So you
    begin working tomorrow! And who (to take) care of
    your children when you (to go) to work? 12. Hello,
    Peter! Where you (to go)? — I (to go) to the library.
    13. I (to walk) about an hour when I (to see) a little
    house not far from the river. 14. When he (to read)
    the newspaper, he (to give) it to his brother. 15. He
    (to leave) for Rostov in 1990 and since then he (to
    live) there. 16. At this time tomorrow we (to discuss)
    your report. 17. Now she (to read) the book which
    I (to give) her yesterday. 18. I always (to hate) such
    cruelty. 19. No, I (not to see) that movie.

    Упражнение 266

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1. How long you (to wait) for me? I am really very sorry. 2. Yesterday I (to meet) a friend of mine whom I (not to see) for a long time. 3. Ring me up at elev­en o’clock, I (not yet to sleep). 4. You (to be) late for the concert if you (not to take) a taxi. 5. The sun (to set) a long time ago, and it (to begin) to get really cold. 6. When I (to come) home yesterday, my sister

    already (to return) and (to sit) at the fireplace look­ing through some old photographs. 7. He (to smoke) three cigarettes and (to look) through all the books on the shelf, when at last he (to hear) his friend’s steps approaching the door. 8. The first person whom Andrew (to see) as he (to enter) was his old nurse. She (to sit) on the sofa. During the last five years she greatly (to change) and now (to look) a very old woman. 9. She is going to read the letter she just (to receive). 10. He just (to approach) the door, when she (to enter). 11. He (to write) the composition for three hours and he (to say) he soon (to finish) it as he (to think) over the conclusion now. 12. Where is the baby? — The nurse (to put) it to bed. 13. He said he (to work) for a long time without achieving good results. 14. Hardly1 I (to go) out when I (to remem­ber) that I (to forget) to take my umbrella. 15. It (to be) late. You (not to finish) yet?

    Упражнение 267

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1. The students (to write) the paper by dinner­time. 2. They (to sail) down the river for many hours before they (to come) to the village. 3. I (not to be) to my home town for five years. 4. The rain (to stop) by the time we (to reach) home. 5. The message (to arrive) five minutes after he (to leave) the house. 6. It (to be) nearly eleven o’clock when we (to begin) doing this work. 7. At last the reply from my grand­mother (to come), and my mother (to tell) me that she (to come) soon. 8. Here you (to be) at last! I (to

    1 После hardly употребляйте Past Perfect и обратный по­рядок слов. 8 Ю. Голицынский


    Употребление времен

    wait) for you for twenty minutes. You (not to be) ashamed? 9. Peter (to read) by the fireplace when the door (to open) and the maid (to enter). The cook (to follow) her. 10. When the mother (to satisfy) herself that the children (to sleep) peacefully in their beds, she (to take) out the Christmas presents and carefully (to put) them into the stockings which (to hang) at the beds. 11. If you (to ring) me up tomor­row, I (to tell) you all about it. 12. The lesson (not yet to begin), and the children (to talk) loudly in the corridor. 13. I (to live) in St. Petersburg since 1991. 14. By the fifteenth of January the students (to pass) all the exams. 15. I (to wait) for the postman now. He (not to be) here yet. 16. You (to hear) the news?

    Упражнение 268

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1. Where is Nick? — Не (not to be) at home, he (to go) to the cinema. Wait for him, he (to come) in half an hour. 2. It was very late. I (to go) to bed and (to fall) asleep when my father (to return) home. 3. I’ll join you when I (to drink) my tea. 4. When I (to come), he (to live) in the same old house where I first (to meet) him. He (to tell) me he (to wait) for me for some time already. 5. The pupils (to do) a lot of exercises before they (to learn) to write dictations well. 6. I could not hear a sound: they (to stop) talk­ing. 7. On entering the drawing room, he (to find) that his two friends (to get) up and (to wait) for him. 8. The sportsmen (to train) since early morning; now they (to go) over the high jump, as they (not to be) satisfied with their results. 9. Five minutes (not to pass) when the train for which we (to wait) (to appear) in the distance. 10. Tomorrow father (to come) late.

    We (to do) all our homework and (to drink) tea when he (to come). 11. When Mrs. Smith (to come) home yes­terday, she (to see) that her daughter (to cook) supper and (to wait) for her with the table laid. 12. Anyone (to see) my dog? 13. You (to go) to the pictures tonight?

    Упражнение 269

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1. Не said he (to listen) to the same stories for a long time. 2. By the evening he (to translate) ten pages. 3. You ever (to be) to the new stadium? — Yes, I (to be) there last Saturday. 4. The old lady was happy: she (not to see) her son for three years. 5. What you (to do) yesterday? 6. How many pages you (to translate) for today? 7. The day (to be) cold and it (to rain). When I (to reach) home, my rain­coat (to be) all wet. I (to take) it off, (to shake) the water off it, (to hang) it up and (to go) into the liv­ing room. My children (to play) on the carpet. When they (to see) me, they (to jump) up and (to run) up to me. 8. I (to hear) this song several times already, but I cannot remember the words. I (to write) them down as soon as I (to hear) this song again. 9. Hard­ly1 he (to open) the suitcase, when he (to find) the tie which he (to think) he (to lose) long before. 10. Shut the door! The room (to be) full of smells which (to come) from the kitchen. Mother (not to like) kitchen smells in the room. 11. Last night he (to finish) the book which he (to begin) writing a year ago. 12.1 (to be) afraid he (to lose) this match. 13. Who (to make) all that noise? 14. Sharks (to be) on earth more than 350 million years.

    1 Hardly см. примечание на стр. 225.


    Употребление времен

    Упражнение 270

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1. When the train (to stop), I (to look) out of the window but (not to see) any of my friends there. I (to send) them a telegram and hoped that they (to meet) me. As I (to discover) later, they (to receive) it ten minutes before the train arrived and could not meet me. 2. We were greatly surprised not to find Ann at home. It turned out that her sister (to for­get) to give her our message, and Ann (to leave) the house fifteen minutes before we (to come). 3. I de­cided not to put on my raincoat as it (to stop) rain­ing already and the sun (to shine) brightly. 4. The young people entered the theatre. The performance already (to begin), and they (to have) to wait till the first act (to be) over. Nina never (to be) here before and she (to like) the theatre very much. 5. I did not recognize Helen as I (not to see) her for a very long time and she greatly (to change). 6. When the teach­er told the boy to recite the poem, the boy (to burst) into tears: he (not to remember) anything, though he (to try) to learn his lesson so hard. 7. Jane usual­ly works in the library. She (to work) there now. She already (to gather) the necessary material and now she (to write) her report. 8. When we (to come) to the station, our train already (to leave), and we (to have) to wait for two hours before another one (to come). 9. I was anxious to see the place where I (to spend) my childhood. 10. Victor asked me to explain the new rule to him, as he (to miss) the previous les­son. 11. John Gray (to visit) Russia in 1989 and (not to be) here since that time. 12. The sight of the school building brought back the old days to us. Here we (to spend) many years together. We (to learn) to read and write; here we (to experience) our first joys

    and sorrows. We recollected our first day at school, how we (to come) to our first lesson looking alarmed and excited.

    Упражнение 271

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    Ann: Hello, Kate. I am so glad you (to come) at last. Where you (to spend) the morning?

    Kate: I (to be) in the bookstore choosing new books in English.

    Ann: It (to rain) still? It (to be) rather dark in the room.

    Kate: No, the rain (to stop), but the wind (to blow). On my way to your place I (to meet) Mary. You (to know) her?

    Ann: Of course I …. I (to know) her since child­hood. When we (to be) children, we often (to play) together. Where you (to meet) her? I (not to see) her for a long time. What she (to look) like?

    Kate: She (not to change) a bit. She (to go) to the library when I (to meet) her.

    Ann: What she (to tell) you?

    Kate: She (to tell) me she recently (to return) from a very interesting trip and that she (to trav­el) a lot and (to see) many interesting things. She (to want) to see all her friends soon.

    Ann: Oh, then she (to come) to see me, too, I (to think).

    Kate: Yes, that (to be) a pleasant meeting, I (to be) sure. But what (to be) the time? My watch (to stop) and I (not to know) the exact time.

    Ann: It (to be) ten minutes to three.

    Kate: Oh, then let’s begin working at once. At four o’clock I must go. My mother (to wait) for me at the metro station at a quarter past four.


    Употребление времен

    Упражнение 272

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в требующемся времени.

    1. Он был счастлив: он написал отличное сочи­нение. 2. Я ищу тебя весь вечер. 3. Я вдруг вспом­нил, что ничего не ел с утра. 4. К счастью, дождь уже перестал, когда мы вышли. 5. Сколько лет вы работаете в этой школе? 6. В одиннадцать часов мы еще работали. 7. В одиннадцать часов мы уже работали три часа. 8. Я уже три раза говорил те­бе, что надо переписать упражнение. 9. Я уже целый час читал после обеда, когда пришел папа. 10. Я не приду. Я буду писать сочинение весь вечер. 11. Где ты был с прошлой пятницы? 12. Я уже две недели живу у друзей. 13. Я уже две недели жил у друзей, когда получил письмо.

    14. Сколько дней вы уже читаете эту книгу?

    15. Только когда она была в поезде, она вспомни­
    ла, что оставила книгу дома. 16. Они живут в этом
    доме уже пять лет. 17. Моя сестра была больна
    уже несколько дней, когда я узнала об этом.
    18. Ты знал, что он не написал сочинение? 19. Мы
    не получаем от нее писем уже несколько месяцев.

    20. Сколько лет вы уже работаете на этом заводе?

    21. Он уже ушел, когда Лена включила радио.

    22. Я работаю над этой проблемой уже три меся­ца. 23. Вы должны отдохнуть. Вы слишком много работали сегодня.

    Упражнение 273

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в требующемся времени.

    1. Что делает твой брат? — Он работает в ин­ституте. — А что он сейчас делает? — Он читает

    газету. Я всегда приношу ему газеты, когда он приходит с работы. 2. Было уже темно, когда мы подошли к дому; дул сильный ветер, и станови­лось все холоднее и холоднее. 3. Что вы будете делать завтра в восемь часов вечера? — Завтра к восьми часам я уже закончу все свои уроки, и в восемь часов буду играть на рояле. 4. Они читали Диккенса по-английски, и знают многие его про­изведения. 5. Наступила зима, и теперь мы опять будем часто ходить на каток. 6. Когда Том вышел из дома, все ребята играли в футбол, а Билл и Джон считали круглые камешки, которые они принесли с реки. 7. Она была удивлена: она еще никогда не видела столько цветов. 8. Когда я про­снулся, мама уже встала и готовила чай. 9. Я уже полчаса стараюсь вспомнить ее имя, но до сих пор еще не вспомнил. 10. Когда он пришел домой, мы уже ушли в кино. 11. Она сказала, что идет дождь и нам лучше сидеть дома. 12. Она жила в этом доме уже пять лет, когда приехал ее брат. 13. Она думала, что будет хорошая погода. 14. Разве ты не понимаешь, что весной будет уже три года, как я ношу эту шляпку? 15. Неужели они играют в шахматы с самого утра? 16. Они шли по дороге уже два или три часа, когда вдруг пошел дождь. 17. Я знаю, что она работает над этой статьей уже три недели. 18. Когда я повторила свой вопрос, он сказал, что не слышал меня в первый раз, но я ясно видела, что он хорошо слышал меня оба раза. 19. Ну, уложила ты свои вещи, наконец? Такси уже десять минут ожидает у дверей. 20. Мы си­дим здесь уже два часа, а я все еще не рассказал тебе о своей поездке. 21. Где Мери? — Она в биб­лиотеке, она готовится к докладу. Она уже рабо­тает три часа. 22. Он думал, что его друзья рабо­тают вместе.

    Passive Voice



    to be IIIформа глагола

    Спряжение глагола to take(брать, отводить) во временах группы Simple в Passive Voice

    Future Simple Passive
    1 shall be taken 1 shall not be taken Shall 1 be taken?
    He will be taken He will not be taken Will he be taken?
    She will be taken She will not be taken Will she be taken?
    It will be taken It will not be taken Will it be taken?
    We shall be taken We shall not  
      be taken Shall we be taken?
    You will be taken You will not be taken Will you be taken?
    They will be taken They will not  
      be taken Will they be taken?

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающихPassive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих I am taken He is taken She is taken It is taken

    We are taken You are taken They are taken

    I am not taken He is not taken She is not taken It is not taken

    We are not taken You are not taken They are not taken

    Am I taken? Is he taken? Is she taken? Is it taken?

    Are we taken? Are you taken? Are they taken?

    1 take (я отвожу) — 1 am 1 took (я отвел) — 1 was 1 shall take (я отведу) — отведут)
    taken (меня отводят) taken (меня отвели) 1 shall be taken (меня

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих I was taken He was taken She was taken It was taken

    We were taken You were taken They were taken

    Past Simple Passive

    I was not taken He was not taken She was not taken It was not taken

    We were not taken You were not taken They were not taken

    Was I taken? Was he taken? Was she taken? Was it taken?

    Were we taken? Were you taken? Were they taken?

    Упражнение 274

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Past Simple Active или Past Simple Passive.

    Я рассказал — Мне рассказали Я показал — Мне показали Она привела — Ее привели Мы спросили — Нас спросили Мы ответили — Нам ответили Мы послали — Нас послали


    Passive Voice

    Они дали — Им дали

    Он помог — Ему помогли

    Он посоветовал — Ему посоветовали

    Он забыл — Его забыли

    Он вспомнил — Его вспомнили

    Мы пригласили — Нас пригласили

    Мы поправили — Нас поправили

    Он вылечил — Его вылечили

    Он позвал — Его позвали

    Упражнение 275

    Переведите на английский, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

    Мне рассказали — Мне рассказывают — Мне расскажут

    Мне показали — Мне показывают — Мне по­кажут

    Ее привели — Ее приводят — Ее приведут

    Нас спросили — Нас спрашивают — Нас спро­сят

    Нам ответили — Нам отвечают — Нам ответят

    Нас послали — Нас посылают — Нас пошлют

    Им дали — Им дают — Им дадут

    Ему помогли— Ему помогают — Ему помогут

    Ему посоветовали — Ему советуют — Ему посо­ветуют

    Его забыли — Его забывают — Его забудут

    Его вспомнили — Его вспоминают — Его вспом­нят

    Нас пригласили — Нас приглашают — Нас при­гласят

    Нас поправили — Нас поправляют — Нас по­правят

    Его позвали — Его зовут — Его позовут

    Упражнение 276

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple Passive.

    (USUALLY) 1. The postbox (to empty) every day.

    2. The stamps (to postmark) at the post office.

    3. The letters (to sort) into the different towns.

    4. The mail (to load) into the train. 5. The mailbags (to unload) after their journey. 6. The bags (to take) to the post office. 7. The letters (to sort) into the different streets. 8. The letters (to deliver).

    Упражнение 277

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple Passive.

    (YESTERDAY) 1. The postbox (to empty) yester­day. 2. The stamps (to postmark) at the post office.

    3. The letters (to sort) into the different towns.

    4. The mail (to load) into the train. 5. The mailbags (to unload) after their journey. 6. The bags (to take) to the post office. 7. The letters (to sort) into the different streets. 8. The letters (to deliver).

    Упражнение 278

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Future Simple Passive.

    (TOMORROW) 1. The postbox (to empty) tomor­row. 2. The stamps (to postmark) at the post office.

    3. The letters (to sort) into the different towns.

    4. The mail (to load) into the train. 5. The mailbags (to unload) after their journey. 6. The bags (to take) to the post office. 7. The letters (to sort) into the different streets. 8. The letters (to deliver).


    Passive Voice

    Упражнение 279

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

    1. My question (to answer) yesterday. 2. Hockey (to play) in winter. 3. Mushrooms (to gather) in au­tumn. 4. Many houses (to burn) during the Great Fire of London. 5. His new book (to finish) next year.

    6. Flowers (to sell) in shops and in the streets.

    7. St. Petersburg (to found) in 1703. 8. Bread (to eat)
    every day. 9. The letter (to receive) yesterday.
    10. Nick (to send) to Moscow next week. 11. I (to ask)
    at the lesson yesterday. 12. I (to give) a very interest­
    ing book at the library last Friday. 13. Many houses
    (to build) in our town every year. 14. This work (to
    do) tomorrow. 15. This text (to translate) at the last
    lesson. 16. These trees (to plant) last autumn. 17. Many
    interesting games always (to play) at our PT lessons.
    18. This bone (to give) to my dog tomorrow. 19. We
    (to invite) to a concert last Saturday. 20. Lost time
    never (to find) again. 21. Rome (not to build) in a day.

    Упражнение 280

    Раскройте скобки, выбирая требующуюся форму глагола.

    1. At the station they will (meet, be met) by a man from the travel bureau. 2. She will (meet, be met) them in the hall upstairs. 3. The porter will (bring, be brought) your luggage to your room. 4. Your lug­gage will (bring, be brought) up in the lift. 5. You may (leave, be left) your hat and coat in the cloak­room downstairs. 6. They can (leave, be left) the key with the clerk downstairs. 7. From the station they will (take, be taken) straight to the hotel. 8. Tomor­row he will (take, be taken) them to the Russian Mu­seum.

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих

    Упражнение 281

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Present Simple Activeили Present Simple Passive.

    1. Я всегда хвалю моих друзей. 2. Меня всегда хвалят дома. 3. Каждую субботу папа показывает дедушке мои оценки. 4. Каждую субботу папе по­казывают мои оценки. 5. Мы часто вспоминаем вас. 6. Нас часто вспоминают в деревне. 7. Мне дают сок каждое утро. 8. Каждое утро я даю кошке моло­ко. 9. Он каждый день рассказывает нам что-ни­будь интересное. 10. Ему каждый день рассказы­вают что-нибудь интересное. 11. Я часто посылаю письма друзьям. 12. Меня часто посылают на юг. 13. Меня часто приглашают в кино. 14. Моей сест­ре часто помогают в школе. 15. Я иногда за­бываю взять проездную карточку. 16. Он пишет много писем. 17. Книги А. Кристи читают с интере­сом. 18. Собаки любят кости. 19. Собак любят во многих семьях. 20. Когда в вашей семье пьют чай? 21. Где хранят старые письма? 22. Почему эти пра­вила всегда забывают? 23. Почему вы всегда за­бываете эти правила? 24. Где живут ваши друзья? 25. Где покупают хлеб? 26. Когда задают вопросы?

    Упражнение 282

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Past Simple Active или Past Simple Passive.

    1. Я посоветовал (моему) другу поступить в спор­тивную секцию. 2. Мне посоветовали поступить в спортивную секцию. 3. Я показал доктору (мои) зубы. 4. Меня показали доктору. 5. Я дал своей собаке кусок сахара. 6. Мне дали на обед суп. 7. Вчера я попросил учителя помочь мне. 8. Вче-


    Passive Voice 239

    ра меня попросили помочь однокласснику. 9. Про­шлым летом я научил сестру плавать. 10. Про­шлым летом меня научили плавать. 11. Вчера нам задавали много вопросов на уроке. 12. Я от­ветил на все вопросы. 13. Учитель поставил мне хорошую оценку. 14. Дома меня похвалили. 15. Эти письма принесли утром. 16. Мой велоси­пед купили в прошлом году. 17. Эти орехи съели вчера. 18. Где вы купили эту книгу? 19. Где ку­пили эту книгу? 20. Когда сварили обед? 21. Ког­да разбили чашку? 22.Когда ты разбил чашку? 23. Что ему обещали? 24.Когда починили маши­ну? 25. Ког-да исправили ошибку?

    Упражнение 283

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Future Simple Active или Future Simple Pas­sive.^

    1.Новые коньки купят завтра. 2. Миша попро­сит меня помочь ему. 3. Мишу попросят расска­зать о своем путешествии. 4. Доктор попросит ме­ня открыть рот. 5. Доктора попросят вылечить меня. 6. Завтра я принесу новый фильм. 7. Завт­ра принесут новый фильм. 8. Мой друг поможет мне с математикой. 9. Моему другу помогут с не­мецким. 10. Я куплю мороженого. 11. Билеты принесут завтра. 12. Диктант будут писать в сле­дующий вторник. 13. Маму попросят не беспоко­иться. 14. Маме дадут чашечку кофе. 15. Мама поблагодарит доктора. 16. Телеграмма будет от­правлена сейчас же. 17. Ковер повесят на стену. 18. Книги положат на полку. 19. Когда пошлют письмо? 20. Когда проверят контрольную работу? 21. Как будут делать эту работу?

    The doctor was sent.— Доктора послали.
    The doctor was sent for.— За доктором послали.
    Запомните этот шуточный мини-рассказ:
      He was talked about.
      He was sent for.
      He was waited for.
      He was looked at.
      He was listened to.
      He was laughed at.
    Запомните эти предложения:
    The house wasn’t lived in.
    The bed wasn’t slept in.

    Упражнение 284

    Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice, обращая внимание на место предлога.

    E.g.We often speak of her. — She isoften spoken of.

    1. The senior students laughed at the freshman.

    2. The group spoke to the headmistress yesterday.

    3. Young mothers looked after their babies with great care. 4. Nobody lived in that old house. 5. They sent for Jim and told him to prepare a report on that subject. 6. We thought about our friend all the time. 7. The doctor will operate on him in a week. 8. The teacher sent for the pupil’s parents. 9. They looked for the newspaper everywhere. 10. Nobody slept in the bed. 11. The neighbour asked for the telegram. 12. Everybody listened to the lecturer with great attention. 13. They often speak about the weather.


    Passive Voice


    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

    1. Ее часто посылают на почту. 2. В прошлом году ее послали в Кембридж. 3. Его пошлют в Гар­вард. 4. За ней всегда посылают. 5. За ней посла­ли вчера. 6. За мной пошлют завтра. 7. Их всегда приглашают на день рождения Ани. 8. Летом Ко­лю отвезут на дачу. 9. Об этом фильме много гово­рили. 10. В музее нам показали много прекрасных картин. 11. Эту книгу очень часто спрашивают.


    Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

    E.g.Mother wafersthe flowers in the evening. — The flowers are watered in the evening (by Mother).

    1. Irene’s husband brought her some beautiful shells from the south. 2. The explorers gave the newspaper reporters a long interview. 3. Mr. Wil­son will teach you English. 4. The doctor ordered me a month’s rest from studying. 5. Tom gave Nick a book for his birthday. 6. Our mother tells us sto­ries every evening. 7. Lydia will show you a new book of pictures. 8. A boy showed her the way. 9. They will send us a box of fruit. 10. Five or six small chil­dren followed them. 11. In summer the boys often -rlrive the horses to the fields. 12. Ivan Susanin led the Poles into the thickest part of the forest. 13. The waves carried the boat away. 14. We shall do the translation in the evening. 15. They water the flow­ers regularly. 16. You promised me these books long ago. 17. Bessie’s father gave her a complete

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    set of Walter Scott’s works. 18. The two hikers dropped their heavy backpacks. 19. The boys will paint the roof of the house. 20. Tom Sawyer white­washed the fence. 21. Her daughters gave her three beautiful dishes as a birthday present.

    Упражнение 287

    Поставьте выделенные глаголы в Passive Voice, внеся необходимые изменения в предложения.

    1. She took a long time to write the composition, but at last she wroteit. 2.Don’t put the cup there: somebody will breakit. 3. Why weren’t you at the birthday party? — They didn’t inviteme. 4.We met many difficulties, but all the same we finishedthe work in time. 5. We shall leaveyou behind if you are not quick. 6. I spentall my money on books last month. 7. I don’t think we shall doall this work to­day: there is too much of it. 8. It’s a very funny thing that when I start doing this, somebody always stopsme. 9. Don’t leave these sweets on the table: somebody will eatthem. 10. She really brokeher mother’s heart when she left home. 11. The bees attackedthe bear when it tried to take their honey.


    Это нужно сделать. — It must be done.Это можно сделать. — It can be done.


    Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

    1. You must take the box to the station. 2. You can cross the river on a raft. 3. The workers can finish the building of the house very soon. 4. You must


    Passive Voice

    return the books the day after tomorrow. 5. You must do three of these exercises tomorrow. 6. You can find the book you need in any library. 7. We must send these letters at once. 8. I can easily for­give this mistake. 9. You can find such berries eve­rywhere. 10.You must do this work very carefully.

    11.The doctor says they must take her to hospital.

    12.You can do the work in three days. 13. The stu­dents must return all the library books before each summer vacation. 14. Monkeys can climb even the tallest trees.


    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя Passive Infinitive после модальных глаголов.

    1. Руки надо мыть перед каждой едой. 2. Комна­ты нужно регулярно проветривать. 3. Кошку надо кормить рыбой. 4. Собаку можно кормить мясом и овощами. 5. Ребенку надо давать фрукты. 6. Книги надо положить в шкаф. 7. Эту картину можно пове­сить над камином. 8. Как можно перевести это сло­во? 9. Куда можно поставить чемоданы? 10.Можно кошку оставить во дворе? 11.На что нужно обра­тить внимание? 12.Нужно записать твой номер те­лефона. 13. Нужно измерить ваше кровяное давле­ние. 14. Его надо пригласить на мой день рождения. 15. Ей можно предложить новую работу.

    Упражнение 290

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

    1. The rule explained by the teacher at the last lesson (to understand) by all of us. 2. The poem was

    so beautiful that it (to learn) by everybody. 3. I hope the invitation (to accept) by everybody. 4. The let­ter (to post) in half an hour. 5. It seems to me that music (to hear) from the next room. 6. At the last competition the first prize (to win) by our team.

    7. The question (to settle) as soon as they arrived.

    8. Your report must (to divide) into two chapters.

    9. Soon he (to send) to a sanatorium. 10.The book (to discuss) at the next conference. 11.The compo­sition must (to hand) in on Wednesday. 12.Yester­day he (to tell) to prepare a speech. 13. The article (to publish) last week, if I am not mistaken. 14. The lecture (to attend) by all of us yesterday. 15. A taxi (to call) fifteen minutes ago, so we are expecting it any moment. 16. The young man (to introduce) to me only a couple of hours ago, but it seems to me that I’ve known him for years.

    Упражнение 291

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Active Voice или Passive Voice.

    1. Nobody (to see) him yesterday. 2. The telegram (to receive) tomorrow. 3. He (to give) me this book next week. 4. The answer to this question can (to find) in the encyclopedia. 5. We (to show) the histori­cal monuments of the capital to the delegation to­morrow. 6. You can (to find) interesting information about the life in the USA in this book. 7. Budapest (to divide) by the Danube into two parts: Buda and Pest. 8. Yuri Dolgoruki (to found) Moscow in 1147.

    9. Moscow University (to found) by Lomonosov.

    10.We (to call) Zhukovski the father of Russian
    aviation. 11.He (to speak) very highly of the doctor.

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающихPassive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих 244 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ

    Таблица всех времен в Passive Voice

    Present Past Future Th!»^*


    (He said that)
    Л Letters The letter The letter the letter
    «s are was will be would be

    §■11 writen written written written

    С О)

    <л «g every yesferday. tomorrow. the next day. =- day.

    moT The The letter / /

    о 5 letter is was being / /

    | ф being written X. X.

    с g» written at 5 o’clock / /

    о a now. yesferday. / /

    (He said that)

    The The letter The letter the letter

    letter had been will have would have

    % has written been been written

    ф already by 5 o’clock written by 5 o’clock

    °» been yesferday. by 5 o’clock the next day.

    written. tomorrow.

    3 •- / / / /

    S8 / / / /
    = fi / / / /

    ¥ O) / / / /

    s Y У У У

    °- Л / / /

    SS//// / / / /


    I i

    Passive Voice

    Упражнение 292

    Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

    1. Не stole a lot of money from the shop. 2. By six o’clock they had finished the work. 3. At twelve o’clock the workers were loading the trucks. 4. By three o’clock the workers had loaded the trucks. 5. We send our daughter to rest in the south every year. 6. They will show this film on TV. 7. They are building a new concert hall in our street. 8. I bought potatoes yesterday. 9. We shall bring the books to­morrow. 10. They are repairing the clock now. 11. They sell milk in this shop. 12. I have translat­ed the whole text. 13. They broke the window last week. 14. When I came home, they had eaten the sweets. 15. We shall do the work in the evening. 16. He wrote this book in the 19th century. 17. They were playing tennis from four till five. 18. They have made a number of important experiments in this la­boratory. 19. Livingstone explored Central Africa in the 19th century. 20. By the middle of autumn we had planted all the trees. 21. They will stage this play at the beginning of next season. 22. They have forgotten the story. 23. Has anybody explained the rules of the game to you? 24. They haven’t brought back my skates.

    Упражнение 293

    Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

    1. Не will introduce me to his friends. 2. They are building a bridge over the river. 3. I haven’t yet translated the article. 4. We were looking at the man with great surprise. 5. You will speak about the film at the lesson. 6. The headmistress sent for the pu­pil’s parents. 7. Has the secretary typed the let-


    Passive Voice

    ters yet? — No, she is typing them now. 8. We asked him about his holidays. 9. They have already di­scussed the novel. 10.He did not give me his address. 11.She showed him the way to the metro station.

    Упражнение 294

    Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

    1.The doctor prescribed her new medicine. 2. They often speak of him. 3. Everybody laughed at this funny animal. 4. We have been looking for you the whole morning. 5. We shall insist on strict discipline. 6. They teach three foreign languages at this school. 7. We received this letter after his de­parture. 8. Have dogs ever attacked you? 9. Bees gather honey from flowers. 10.The storm drove the ship against a rock. 11.Who discovered the circula­tion of blood? 12.They are selling delicious fruit ice cream there now. 13. The old man showed us the way out of the wood. 14.They offered her some interest­ing work.

    Упражнение 295

    Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

    1.The children have scattered about a lot of things. 2. The girl has put all the books into the bookcase. 3. Snow will cover the fields in win­ter. 4. They will hand in the homework tomorrow. 5. I don’t think we shall finish all the preparations today. 6. She always invites me to her dinner par­ties. 7. She showed me the dress which her daugh­ter had made. 8. They did not invite her to the par­ty. 9. I did not leave the window open. 10.They did

    not turn off the light. 11.I have invited some friends to tea. 12.She has given me an English book. 13. Have you written the letter yet? 14.They have told us a lot of interesting things. 15.The stu­dents have written the paper without mistakes. 16.We discussed the matter some days ago. 17. Someone wants you on the phone. 18. She found my book on the windowsill. 19.They have built excellent shel­ters for tourists in these mountains. 20.Have you given out the exercises to all the students? 21.The boy was angry because his mother did not allow him to go to the stadium. 22.Why have you put my books on this table?

    Упражнение 296

    Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

    1. One of my friends took me to the cinema last week. 2. We shall finish this work in time. 3. They built this house in 2001. 4.They were selling new children’s books in that shop when I entered it yes­terday. 5. A large group of young people joined us on our way to the station. 6. A young teacher start­ed a school in this village. 7. They are translating this article now. 8. Galsworthy wrote «The Forsyte Saga.» 9. Thousands of people attended this meet­ing. 10.He has just interrupted me. 11.The teach­er has explained it to us. 12.We turn on the light when it is dark. 13. The students finished their translation in time. 14.Helen washed the dishes.

    15.Betty often took her younger brother for a walk.

    16.Mother has made some coffee. 17. Have you ironed your dress yet? 18. Nina mispronounced this word. 19.They have told her the truth. 20.She promised us an interesting entertainment. 21.One uses chalk for writing on the blackboard. 22.I shall


    Passive Voice 249

    finish my work about seven o’clock. 23. Somebody has opened the door. 24. The waitress brought in the coffee.

    Упражнение 297

    Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

    1. They looked for the girl everywhere. 2. They did not listen to the boy. 3. She looks after the patients well. 4. They asked for our address. 5. My father looked through these papers this morning. 6. He will give my brother English lessons. 7. A friend of his has shown me an interesting magazine. 8. His friend told him everything. 9. The students greeted the famous lecturer warmly. 10. They have recently built a huge plant in the town of N. 11. We must finish the work by tomorrow. 12. When I fell ill, my mother sent for the doctor. 13. They showed Helen the nearest way to the theatre. 14. He gave his patient some good advice. 15. Mary has told me the news. 16. The people looked at the little boy with interest. 17. They examined the paper attentively.

    Упражнение 298

    Передайте следующие предложения в Active Voice.Введите любые подходящие подлежащие.

    1.The room was cleaned and aired. 2. Have all these books been read? 3. Whom were these letters written by? 4. The letter has just been typed. 5. She showed me the picture which had been painted by her husband. 6. I shall not be allowed to go there. 7. He has been told everything, so he knows what to do now. 8. All the questions must be answered. 9. The door has been left open. 10. Betty was met at

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих

    the station. 11. The girl was not allowed to go to the concert. 12. She said that the new timetable had not yet been hung up on the notice board. 13. The roast chicken was eaten with appetite. 14. It was so dark, that the houses could not be seen. 15. The light has not yet been turned off. 16. The boy was punished for misbehaving. 17. By three o’clock eve­rything had been prepared. 18. The dictation was written without mistakes. 19. Whom was the poem written by? 20. Her dress was washed and ironed. 21. I was not blamed for the mistakes. 22.The pa­pers had been looked through and corrected by the next lesson. 23. This house was built last year. 24. The letter has just been sent. 25. This article will be translated at the lesson on Tuesday. 26. When will this book be returned to the library?

    Упражнение 299

    Передайте следующие предложения в Active Voice. Введите любые подходящие подлежащие.

    1. Invitations have been sent to all the old pupils to be present at the school’s thirtieth anniversary. 2. All the passengers in the bus were listening to the story of the boy who had been saved from drowning by the quickness of the driver. 3. The work was fin­ished in time. 4. The child is taken care of. 5. This book must be read by every student. 6. This film can be seen at our cinema. 7. Spartan children were taught by their parents to endure all hardships.

    8. Which article was translated by your brother?

    9. They were being taught drawing at that lesson.

    10. This name was seldom mentioned in his novels.

    11. I am often told about it. 12. This man has nev­er been spoken of. 13. When was it done? 14. What museums were visited last year? 15. Have your com-


    Passive Voice

    positions been handed in? 16. What has been said is true. 17. After the facts had thoroughly been ex­plained to her, she no longer felt worried. 18. He was fined for crossing the street in the wrong place. 19. The Greeks were attacked by the Persians from the sea. 20.This mountain has never been climbed before. 21.She told me that those newspapers had carefully been put away where they would not be lost. 22.Why have these cups been put here in this cupboard? 23.Nick was told to go home at once.

    Упражнение 300

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

    1.Two reports on Hemingway’s stories (to make) in our group last month. Both of them were very interesting. 2. He said that Grandmother’s letter (to receive) the day before. 3. Two new engineers just (to introduce) to the head of the department. 4. Don’t worry, everything will be all right: the children (to take) to the theatre by the teacher and they (to bring) back to school in the evening. 5. I am sure I (to ask) at the lesson tomorrow. 6. They told me that the new student always (to speak) of. 7. The hostess said that one more guest (to expect). 8. The newspaper said that an interesting exhibition (to open) in the Her­mitage the next week. 9. This new dictionary (to sell) everywhere now. 10.All the texts (to look) through yesterday and not a single mistake (to find).

    Упражнение 301

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Passive Voice.

    1.Эту книгу взяли из библиотеки только вче­ра. 2. Этих трех студентов спросили два дня тому

    назад. 3. Вас экзаменовали утром? 4. Эта мышь была поймана ночью. 5. На этой фабрике делают очень красивые сумки. 6. Письма туда можно по­сылать только летом, а телеграммы круглый год. 7. Мою подругу каждый год посылают за грани­цу. 8. Ее отправили в больницу два дня назад. 9. Вчера нас послали в лабораторию. 10.Это со­чинение было написано на прошлой неделе. 11.Те­леграмму послали поздно вечером, и он получит ее только утром. 12.Эту статью должна прочитать вся группа. 13.Это упражнение можно написать карандашом. 14. Все ваши сочинения будут воз­вращены на будущей неделе. 15. Это письмо мож­но написать на одном листе.

    Упражнение 302

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Passive Voice.

    1. Нам показали очень странную картину. 2. Те­бя ищут. Иди домой. 3. Вас всех пригласят в зал и расскажут обо всех изменениях в школьной про­грамме. 4. Почему над ним всегда смеются? 5. Нам всем дали билеты на выставку. 6. Лекции этого знаменитого профессора всегда слушают с боль­шим вниманием. 7. Меня ждут? 8. Им задали три трудных вопроса. 9. За директором уже послали. Подождите немного. 10.Всех пригласили в боль­шой зал. 11.Эти письма просмотрены. Их можно отправлять. 12.На станции их встретил гид и от­вез в гостиницу. 13.Эти журналы должны быть возвращены в библиотеку на следующей неделе. 14. На наших занятиях много внимания уделяет­ся произношению. 15. Иванову велели объяснить, почему он пропускает занятия. 16. Меня пригла­сят на ваш вечер? 17. Детей оставили дома одних.


    Passive Voice

    Упражнение 303

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Passive Voice.

    1.На вокзале его встретит папа. 2. Эта картина была написана в XVI веке. 3. Эти книги исполь­зуются для работы? 4. В Италии нам покажут много достопримечательностей. 5. За этим мужчи­ной шла огромная толпа. 6. Когда читали новый рассказ, кто-то постучал в дверь. 7. Вас уже при­гласили на вечер? 8. Когда мама пришла, обед был уже сварен. 9. За этим доктором часто посыла­ют. 10. На вокзале его всегда встречают друзья. 11. Вам в школе дают книги для чтения? 12. Плен­ников провели в большой зал. 13. Какие упраж­нения делали в классе? 14. Кто написал это пись­мо? 15. В будущем году построят много школ. 16. Над ним все смеются. 17. Эта работа будет за­кончена на будущей неделе? 18. Когда были поса­жены эти яблони? 19. В институте его часто вспо­минали и говорили о нем. 20. Нас встретят на станции? 21. Ответ будет отправлен через несколь­ко дней. 22. Когда тебя спрашивали? 23. Этот пе­ревод будет закончен через несколько дней. 24. Эту книгу вернут вовремя?

    Упражнение 304

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Passive Voice.

    1.Письма были оставлены на столе. 2. Маль­чику не разрешили купаться в реке. 3. После обе­да посуда была вымыта. 4. Письмо было написа­но вчера. 5. Эту статью написал один английский журналист. 6. Это стихотворение должны выучить все студенты наглей группы. 7. Нам показали

    много красивых вещей. 8. Стихотворение было вы­учено наизусть. 9. Их будут обучать английскому языку. 10. Когда яблоко было съедено, девочка взя­ла куклу и пошла в комнату. 11. Когда будет напи­сана ваша книга? 12. Все эти книги взяты из биб­лиотеки. 13. Диктант был сдан преподавателю пос­ле звонка. 14. Я думала, что хлеб и масло купит моя сестра. 15. Весной это поле будет покрыто зеле­ной травой и цветами. 16. Уроки были приготовле­ны, книги и тетради уложены в портфель. 17. Ра­бота была выполнена очень хорошо. 18. Статья должна быть переведена к пяти часам. 19. Перевод будет закончен вовремя. 20. Когда я пришла домой, суп был уже сварен. 21. Статья была переведена без ошибок. 22. Книгу положили в шкаф.

    Упражнение 305

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Passive Voice.

    1.Где сейчас ваш брат? — Его послали во Фран­цию. 2. О вас только что говорили. 3. Дома над ней посмеялись. 4. „Мне только что приказали ввести пленных», — сказал солдат. 5. Кто напи­сал это письмо? 6. Эти цветы только что сорвали. 7. Тебя вчера просили прийти пораньше? 8. В бу­дущем году его пьеса будет поставлена в этом те­атре. 9. За этим профессором всегда посылают в трудных ситуациях. 10. Собор Святого Павла стро­ил архитектор Рен. 11. Когда написали письмо? 12. Куда положили книги? 13. За доктором по­шлют завтра. 14. В Санкт-Петербурге строят мно­го домов. 15. Произведения английских и амери­канских писателей издают во всем мире. 16. К то­му времени, как он приехал, письмо было уже получено. 17. Hani дом сейчас ремонтируют. 18. Колю как раз спрашивают. 19. Книги уже при-


    несли из библиотеки? 20. Этот кинотеатр был по­строен до того, как мы приехали сюда. 21. Стихи Роберта Бернса знают во многих странах мира.

    22. Когда Чарльз Диккенс был маленьким маль­
    чиком, его отца посадили в долговую тюрьму.

    23. Эта опера была написана сто лет назад.

    24. Этот роман уже переведен на пять языков.

    25. Обед готовили, когда я пришел домой.

    Упражнение 306

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Passive Voice.

    1.Меня представили ее отцу вчера. 2. Когда я вернусь домой, все мои чемоданы будут уже уло­жены. 3. На какой учебник вы ссылаетесь в ва­шем докладе? 4. Разве это сочинение было напи­сано до того, как вы делали доклад? 5. Ее слуша­ли невнимательно, и все, что она сказала, было вскоре забыто. 6. Об этом эпизоде много говорят в нашей семье. 7. Нас провели в зал и предложи­ли нам хорошие места. 8. Послали за лекар­ством? — Да, его ищут. 9. Его воспитала сестра. 10.Не беспокойся, ему помогут в работе. 11. В на­шем районе строятся три новые школы. 12. Этот мост еще строится. Он строился, когда я его уви­дел в первый раз. 13. Когда я начал им помогать, они переводили статью уже два часа, но она еще не была переведена. 14. Когда я приду домой, обед будут готовить. 15. Этот рассказ обсудили на уроке литературы. 16. Не говори, пока с тобой не заговорят. 17. Произведения Агаты Кристи были переведены на более, чем 100языков.

    Сдвиг времен в придаточном дополнительном при главном предложении в прошедшем времени
    Present Simple
    Past Simple Present Continuous
    Past Continuous
    Действие прида­точного предложе­ния происходит од­новременно с дей­ствием главного.
    Present Perfect „ . PastPast Simple ^Perfect Действие прида­точного предложе­ния предшествует действию главного.
    Future Future-in-the-Past Действие прида­точного предложе­ния совершается позже действия главного.


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 257

    Употребляя простые предложения в роли придаточ­ных дополнительных при главном предложении в про­шедшем времени, сдвигайте времена, как указано в таблице:
    Sequence of Tenses
    Не livesin New York. 1 thought that he livedin New York.
    Mother is sleeping.1 knew that mother was sleep­ing.
    Одновременное действие
    Одновременное действие
    He has returnedfrom London. 1 was told that he had returnedfrom London.
    He boughta new car. 1 heard that he had boughta new car.
    Предшествующее действие
    Предшествующее действие
    He will sendus a letter. 1 supposed that he would sendus a letter. Последующее действие

    Упражнение 307

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление времен в русском и английском языках.

    1. We did not know where our friends went every evening. 2. We did not know where our friends had gone. 3. She said that her best friend was a doctor.

    4. She said that her best friend had been a doctor.

    5. I didn’t know that you worked at the Hermitage.

    6. I didn’t know that you had worked at the Her­mitage. 7. I knew that you were ill. 8. I knew that you had been ill. 9. We found that she left home at eight o’clock every morning. 10. We found that she had left home at eight o’clock that morning. 11. When he learnt that his son always received excellent marks in all the subjects at school, he was very pleased. 12. When he learnt that his son had re­ceived an excellent mark at school, he was very pleased.

    Упражнение 308

    Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложе­ния от времени главного.

    1. My uncle says he has just come back from the Caucasus. 2. He says he has spent a fortnight in the Caucasus. 3. He says it did him a lot of good. 4. He says he feels better now. 5. He says his wife and he spent most of their time on the beach. 6. He says they did a lot of sightseeing. 7. He says he has a good camera. 8. He says he took many photographs while travelling in the Caucasus. 9. He says he will come to see us next Sunday. 10. He says he will bring and show us the photographs he took during his stay in the Caucasus.

    Упражнение 309

    Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложе­ния от времени главного.

    1. Mike says he is sure Ann and Kate will be excellent guides. 2. He says they have made good

    9 Ю. Голицынский


    Согласование времен. Косвеннаяречь 259

    progress in English. 3. Oleg says that in a day or two several English students will come to pay a visit to their school and he will probably have to act as an interpreter. 4. Ann says she has just met Boris in the street. 5. She says Boris told her a lot of interesting things about his travels in the south. 6. Nick says he is going to the hotel to see his friends, who have just arrived in St. Peters­burg from the United States of America. 7. He says they have not been here for a long time. 8. He says they were friends at school. 9. He says he will take them to the theatre on Sunday. 10. They say they will write me a letter when they return home.

    Упражнение 310

    Раскройте скобки, выбирая требующееся время глагола.

    1. My friend asked me who (is playing, was play­ing) the piano in the sitting room. 2. He said he (will come, would come) to the station to see me off.

    3. I was sure he (posted, had posted) the letter.

    4. I think the weather (will be, would be) fine next week. I hope it (will not change, would not change) for the worse. 5. I knew that he (is, was) a very clev­er man. 6. I want to know what he (has bought, had bought) for her birthday. 7. I asked my sister to tell me what she (has seen, had seen) at the museum. 8. He said he (is staying, was staying) at the Ritz Hotel. 9. They realized that they (lost, had lost) their way in the dark. 10. He asked me where I (study, studied). 11. I thought that I (shall finish, should finish) my’work at that time. 12. He says he (works, worked) at school two years ago. 13. Victor said he (is, was) very busy.

    Упражнение 311

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

    1. I knew they (to wait) for me at the metro sta­tion and I decided to hurry. 2. I didn’t know that you already (to wind) up the clock. 3. I was afraid that the little girl (not to be) able to unlock the front door and (to go) upstairs to help her. 4. He says that he (to know) the laws of the country. 5. Sarie un­derstood why Lanny (not to come) the previous evening. 6. She asked me whether I (to remember) the legend about a faithful lion. 7. He understood that the soldiers (to arrest) him. 8. He could not understand why people (not to want) to take water from that well. 9. I suppose they (to send) a dog af­ter the burglar immediately. 10. He said he (to leave) tomorrow morning. 11. She says she already (to find) the book. 12. He stopped and listened: the clock (to strike) five. 13. She said she (can) not tell me the right time, her watch (to be) wrong. 14. I asked my neighbour if he ever (to travel) by air before. 15. The policeman asked George where he (to run) so early. 16. The delegates were told that the guide just (to go) out and (to be) back in ten minutes.

    Упражнение 312

    Употребите следующие предложения как прида­точные дополнительные, в роли главных используя предложения, данные в скобках. Сдвигайте времена в соответствии с правилом согласования времен.

    1. You will fall and break your leg. (1 w;is al’innl)

    2. My friend has never been to Washington. (I Uinw»

    3. She never drinks milk. (I was told) I. Mi- in » .-i talented singer. (We were told) 5. Th< hv«- n Imp py life. (We knew) 6. Tin* Htiulivn .u«- i>l<i тк in I Im


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 261

    yard. (She thought) 7. Her friend will come to see her. (She hoped) 8. Father has repaired his bicycle. (He thought) 9. She knows English very well. (I sup­posed) 10. Our sportsmen will win the game. (We were sure) 11. He does not know German at all. (I found out) 12. She made no mistakes in her dictation. (She was glad) 13. He works at his Eng­lish hard. (I knew) 14. She dances better than any­body else. (I was told) 15. My cousin has received a very interesting offer from his firm. (I learnt) 16. She will come to stay with us. (My aunt wrote in her let­ter) 17. He is painting a new picture. (We heard) 18. His new picture will be a masterpiece. (We were sure)

    Упражнение 313

    Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая прави­ло согласования времен.

    1. Я знала, что она работает на заводе, что у нее есть муж и двое детей, что семья у нее очень друж­ная и она счастлива. 2. Он сказал мне вчера, что раньше он учился в университете. 3. Мы решили на прошлой неделе, что будущим летом мы все поедем в Крым. 4. Сестра сказала, что хочет приехать к нам сама. 5. Я знала, что она очень занята. 6. Никто не знал, что вы ждете здесь. Пойдемте в дом. 7. Гид предупредил нас, что в этой части города движение довольно сильное. 8. Секретарь не заметил, что ди­ректор с кем-то разговаривает. 9. Все мы знали, что ее семья опять в Санкт-Петербурге. 10. Лена сказа­ла, что она дарит нам эту картину. 11. Она сказала, что ее коллеги всегда дают ей прекрасные советы. 12. Он сказал, что любит эту пьесу. 13. В прошлом году они думали, что никогда не будут хорошо чи­тать по-английски, но вчера они увидели, что чита­ют тексты довольно хорошо. 14. Он сказал мне вче­ра, что его отец — профессор и живет в Москве.

    Упражнение 314

    Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая пра­вило согласования времен.

    1. Я боялся, что заблужусь в лесу. 2. Она зна­ла, что мы никогда не видели ее картины. 3. Уче­ный был уверен, что найдет решение проблемы. 4. Я знал, что ты приехал в Санкт-Петербург, и пола­гал, что ты навестишь меня. 5. Мы не думали, что он так рассердится. 6. Мы вчера узнали, что она больна. 7. Он думал, что она не придет в школу. 8. Я знал, что моя сестра изучает французский язык, и думал, что она поедет в Париж. 9. Мне сказали, что ты мне звонил. 10. Я думал, что ты в Москве. 11. Я не знал, что ты уже вернулся в Санкт-Петербург. 12. Мы надеялись, что поедем в Лондон. 13. Учитель сказал, что наши друзья прислали письмо из Лондона. 14. Она сказала, что ее подруга пригласила ее в театр. 15. Мы боялись, что не купим билет в театр. 16. Мы увидели, что дети играют в песке. 17. Она сказала, что больше не будет купаться, потому что вода холодная. 18. Моя двоюродная сестра сказала, что любит оперу и будет рада пойти с нами в театр, хотя уже дважды слушала „Травиату».

    Упражнение 315

    Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая прави­ло согласования времен.

    1. Все были уверены, что Борис хорошо сдаст экзамены. 2. Он говорил, что Лев Толстой ого любимый писатель. 3. Я знал, что вы жннсте м Москве, но не знал вашего адреса. 4. Он пекши. что бросит курить. 5. Все знали, что <нш п<м-д<-г п


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 263

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих Рим. 6. Простите, мы не думали, что вы ждете нас. 7. Я не знал, что вы тоже любите футбол. 8. Я был уверен, что он будет выдающимся артистом.

    9. Я боялся, что вы не последуете моему совету.

    10. Я не знал, что ты будешь работать в читаль­
    ном зале. 11.Я думал, что он подождет меня.
    12. Он боялся, что ему будет трудно сделать док­
    лад. 13. Он сказал нам, что когда он вошел в ком­
    нату, его друг уже сидел на диване. Он читал газе­
    ту. 14. Мы надеялись, что она скоро придет.
    15. Он сказал, что не знает, когда начнется кон­
    ференция. 16.Я был уверен, что если мы поспе­
    шим, мы не опоздаем на поезд. 17. Он спросил меня,
    что я буду делать вечером. Я ответил, что не знаю,
    буду ли я свободен вечером, но сказал, что если буду
    свободен, то позвоню ему часов в восемь.


    Indirect commands

    Keep quiet! Don’t makenoise!

    He told me to keepquiet and not to

    He asked me makenoise.

    Упражнение 316

    Передайте следующие повелительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

    1. «Explain to me how to solve this problem,» said my friend to me. 2. The doctor said to Nick, «Open your mouth and show me your tongue.» 3. «Don’t be afraid of my dog,» said the man to Kate. 4. «Take this book and read it,» said the librarian to the boy. 5. The doctor said to Pete, «Don’t go for a walk to­day.» 6. «Don’t eat too much ice cream,» said Nick’s mother to him. 7. «Go home,» said the teacher to us. 8. «Buy some meat in the shop,» said my mother to me. 9. «Sit down at the table and do your home­work,» said my mother to me. 10. «Don’t forget to clean your teeth,» said granny to Helen. 11.«Don’t sit up late,» said the doctor to Mary.

    Упражнение 317

    Передайте следующие повелительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

    1. The teacher said to me, «Hand this note to your parents, please.» 2. Oleg said to his sister, «Put the letter into an envelope and give it to Kate.» 3. «Please help me with this work, Henry,» said Rob­ert. 4. «Please bring me some fish soup,» ho said to the waitress. 5. «Don’t worry over such t sum 11 thing,» she said to me. 6. «Please don’t. im-nlnni it to anybody,» Mary said to her friend. 7. «I’lommr


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 265

    to come and see me,» said Jane to Alice. 8. He said to us, «Come here tomorrow.» 9. I said to Mike, «Send me a telegram as soon as you arrive.» 10. Fa­ther said to me, «Don’t stay there long.» 11. Peter said to them, «Don’t leave the room until I come back.» 12. «Take my luggage to Room 145,» he said to the porter. 13. He said to me, «Ring me up to­morrow.» 14. «Bring me a cup of black coffee,» she said to the waiter. 15. «Don’t be late for dinner,» said mother to us. 16. Jane said to us, «Please tell me all you know about it.» 17. She said to Nick, «Please don’t say anything about it to your sister.»

    I aman engineer. I workat a plant. In the evening 1 studyEnglish.

    He said he wasan engineer and workedat

    He told me that a plant.

    He added that he studiedEnglish in the evening.

    I sawmy friend yesterday.

    He said that he had seenhis friend the day be-
    He told me fore.

    We livedin Rome two years ago. My father workedthere.

    He said that they had livedin Rome two years be-
    He told me fore and explained that his father had


    1 shall tellyou about it tomorrow.

    He said that he would tellme about it the next
    He told me day.

    Упражнение 318

    Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

    1. Oleg said, «My room is on the second floor.» 2. He said, «I am sure she will ring me up when she is back in St, Petersburg.» 3. Misha said, «I saw them at my parents’ house last year.» 4. He said, «I haven’t seen my cousin today.» 5. «I don’t go to this shop very often,» she said. 6. Tom said, «I have already had breakfast, so I am not hungry.» 7. He said, «I have just received a letter from my uncle.» 8. «I am going to the theatre tonight,» he said to me. Ц. Mike said, «I spoke to Mr. Brown this morning.» 10. He said to her, «I shall do it today if I have time.» 11. I said to them, «I can give you my uncle’s address.»

    Упражнение 319

    Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

    1. The woman said to her son, «I am glad I am here.» 2. Mike said, «We have bought these books today.» 3. She said to me, «Now I can read your translation.» 4. «This man spoke to me on the road,» said the woman. 5. «I can’t explain this rule to you,» said my classmate to me. 6. The teacher said to the class, «We shall discuss this subject tomorrow.» 7. Our teacher said, «Thackeray’s novels are very interesting.» 8. She said, «You will read this book in the 9th form.» 9. Nellie said, «I read ‘Jane Eyre’ last year.» 10. «My friend lives in Moscow,» said Alec. 11. «You have not done your work well,» said the teacher to me. 12. The poor man said to the rich man, «My horse is wild. It can kill your lunsi-.» 13. The rich man said to the judgr, «This т.нГ-, horse has killed my horse.»


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 267

    Упражнение 320

    Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

    1. Masha said, «I usually spend my holidays in the south.» 2. She said, «I spent my holidays in the Crimea last year.» 3. Boris said, «I go to the south every year.» 4. He said, «I am going to a health re­sort tomorrow.» 5. Ann said to us, «They haven’t yet come.» 6. She said to us, «They arrived in St. Petersburg yesterday.» 7. I said, «I have been in London for a fortnight’s holiday. My friends in Lon­don sometimes invite me to spend my leisure time with them.» 8. Nick said, «I have never been to Lon­don. I think I shall go there next year.» 9. He said, «I shall not stay with my friends too long.» 10. He said to me, «They are staying at the Grand Hotel Europe.» 11.He said, «They are leaving next Mon­day.» 12.The clerk said to them, «You can leave the key with the maid upstairs.»

    Упражнение 321

    Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

    1. The mother said, «The children are in the nur­sery, doctor.» 2. «I have no time for lunch today,» said the boy to his mother. 3. «You speak English very well,» said the woman to me. 4. My brother said to me, «I am going to become a doctor.» 5. My uncle said to us, «I buy several newspapers every day.» 6. The teacher said to the pupils, «Next year we shall have six hours of English a week.» 7. He said to me, «I want to see you today.» 8. She said, «I am free tonight». 9. Mother said to me, «I feel bad today.»

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих

    10.The pupil said to the teacher, «I can do my homework after dinner.» 11.The teacher said to Jack, «You work hard, I know. You are a good boy.» 12.The old man said to the girl, «You can sing per­fectly. I think you will be a famous singer.» 13. My sister said to me, «You look very well, much better than you looked yesterday. I think you have recov­ered after your illness.» 14. «You are an excellent cook. Everything is so tasty,» said my guest to me. 15. The student said, «I can’t answer this question. I don’t understand it.»

    Упражнение 322

    Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи. Употребляйте любое су­ществительное или местоимение в роли подлежаще­го главного предложения.

    1. I shall come as soon as I am ready. 2. You will know that I have gone to the concert if I am not at home by eight. 3. I’ll come to the Philharmonic with you if you get tickets. 4. Five years ago there were no people living here at all. 5. I shall go skiing on Sunday if I have time. 6. They finished building this house only last week. 7. It will be so pleasant when Tom comes home. 8. I shall do it now if you like. 9. My brother was here today. 10. It’s a pity you didn’t come earlier. 11.There will be an interesting lecture at the school assembly hall tomorrow. One of our teachers will speak about Charles Dickens. 12.Last year I spent my summer vacation in the Caucasus. 13. I came to live in this town several years ago. 14. I’llbe reading you a story until it is time to go to bed. 15. I have read all about it in today’s newspaper.

    Еще про залог:  Страдательный залог. PASSIVE VOICE. Грамматика. Сборник упражнений. Ю.Голицынский, Н.Голицынская


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 269

    Упражнение 323

    Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «When your turn comes, listen very carefully to what the doctor tells you,» I said to my grand­mother. 2. «If you are in a hurry, we shall do only the first experiment,» said the laboratory assistant to me. 3. «I shan’t start anything new until I have finished this novel,» said the writer to the corre­spondent. 4. «When I get a job, I’ll buy you a warm coat,» said the boy’s father. 5. «If you spill the milk, there won’t be any for the cat,» said my mother to me. 6. «When you come to see me on Sunday, I shall show you my new dress,» she said to me. 7. «If Mary arrives before seven, bring her to our house for the evening,» said Jane to Henry. 8. «Don’t wait until I come. As soon as you finish the exercises, begin playing volleyball,» said the PT teacher to the pu­pils. 9. «As soon as Robert appears, ask him where he put the dictionary,» said Mary to her mother.

    Упражнение 324

    Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло­жениях.

    1. Tom said he would go to see the doctor the next day. 2. He told me he was ill. 3. He told me he had fallen ill. 4. They told me that Tom had not come to school the day before. 5. I told my sister that she might catch cold. 6. She told me she had caught cold. 7. He said that while crossing the English Channel they had stayed on deck all the time. 8. The woman said she had felt sick while crossing the Channel. 9. She said she was feeling bad that day. 10. The old man told the doctor that he had pain in his right

    side. 11. Не said he had just been examined by a good doctor. 12. He said he would not go to school until Monday. 13. The man said he had spent a month at a health resort. 14. He said that his health had greatly improved since then.

    Indirect questions
    Special questions He asked (me) He wanted to know He wondered
    «What areyou doing?»«Where doyou live?» «Where doeshe work?»«What isNick doing?»«What haveyou prepared
    for today?» «When didyou come
    home yesterday?» «When willyour mother
    what 1 was doing.
    where 1 lived.
    where he worked.
    what Nick was doing.
    what 1 had preparedfor that day.
    when 1 had comehome the day before.
    when my mother would comehome.
    General questions He asked (me) He wanted to know He wondered
    «Areyou watchingTV?» «Doyou playchess?» «Doesshe goto school?» «Areyou listeningto me?» «Haveyou doneyour homework?»
    «Didyou skatelast win­ter?» «Willyou seeyour friend tomorrow?»
    -C 1 was watching TV.
    1 playedchess.
    she wentto school.
    1 was listeningto him.
    1 had donemy home­work.
    1 had skatedthe winter before.
    1 shouldsee my friend the next day.


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 271

    Упражнение 325

    Передайте следующие специальные вопросы в кос­венной речи.

    1.1said to Nick, «Where are you going?» 2. I said to him, «How long are you going to stay there?» 3. I said to him, «How long will it take you to get there?» 4. He said to her, «Where do you usually spend your summer holidays?» 5. Ann said to Mike, «When did you leave London?» 6. She said to Boris, «When will you be back home?» 7. Boris said to them, «How can I get to the railway station?» 8. Mary asked Tom, «What time will you come here tomor­row?» 9. She asked me, «Why didn’t you come here yesterday?» 10. She asked me, «What will you do tomorrow if you are not busy at your office?» 11. Pete said to his friends, «When are you leaving St. Petersburg?» 12. He said to them, «Who will you see before you leave here?» 13. They said to him, «What time does the train start?» 14. I asked Mike, «What will you do after dinner?» 15. I asked my uncle, «How long did you stay in the Crimea?» 16. Mother said to me, «Who has brought this par­cel?» 17. Ada said to me, «Where did you see such trees?» 18. I said to Becky, «What kind of book has your friend brought you?»

    Упражнение 326

    Передайте следующие специальные вопросы в кос­венной речи, начиная каждое предложение со слов, данных в скобках.

    1.Where is he going? (He didn’t tell anybody…) 2. Where has he gone? (Did you know…) 3. Where is he? (Did you know…) 4. When is he leaving school? (I wanted to know…) 5. Where does he live?

    (Nobody knew…) 6. When will he come back? (She asked them…) 7. Where did she buy this hat? (He wanted to know…) 8. How much did she pay for it? (I had no idea…) 9. Where did I put the book? (I forgot…) 10. Who has given you this nice kitten? (She wanted to know…) 11. Where can I buy an English-Russian dictionary? (He asked me…) 12. How long will it take your brother to get to Ma­drid? (He wondered…)

    Упражнение 327

    Передайте следующие общие вопросы в косвенной речи.

    1. I said to Boris, «Does your friend live in Lon­don?» 2. I said to the man, «Are you living in a ho­tel?» 3. Nick said to his friend, «Will you stay at the Hilton?» 4. He said to me, «Do you often go to see your friends?» 5. He said to me, «Will you see your friends before you leave St. Petersburg?» 6. Mike said to Jane, «Will you come to the railway station to see me off?» 7. She said to me, «Have you sent them a telegram?» 8. She said to me, «Did you send them a telegram yesterday?» 9. I said to Mike, «Have you packed your suit-case?» 10.1 said to Kate, «Did anybody meet you at the station?» 11. I said to her, «Can you give me their address?» 12. I asked Tom, «Have you had breakfast?» 13. I asked my sis­ter, «Will you stay at home or go for a walk after dinner?» 14.1 said to my mother, «Did anybody come to see me?» 15. I asked my sister, «Will Nick call for you on the way to school?» 16. She said to the young man, «Can you call a taxi for me?» 17. Mary said to Peter, «Have you shown your photo to Dick?»

    18. Oleg said to me, «Will you come here tomorrow?»

    19. He said to us, «Did you go to the museum this morning?»


    Согласование времен. Косвеннаяречъ 273

    Упражнение 328

    Передайте следующие общие вопросы в косвенной речи, начиная каждое предложение со слов, данных в скобках.

    1.Have they sold the picture? (I did not know…)

    2. Do they know anything about it? (I wondered…)

    3. Has Jack given you his telephone number? (She asked me…) 4. Is he coming back today? (I was not sure…) 5. Have you found the book? (She asked me…) 6. Are there any more books here? (The man asked…) 7. Did she go shopping yesterday (I wanted to know…) 8. Has she bought the dictionary? (He did not ask her…) 9. Does she know the name of the man? (I doubted…) 10.Did Boris see the man this morning? (I asked…)

    Упражнение 329

    Передайте следующие вопросительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

    1. Kate said, «Mike, do you like my dress?» 2. Grandfather said to Mary, «What mark did you get at school?» 3. My sister said to me, «Will you take me to the theatre with you tomorrow?» 4. Moth­er asked me, «Did you play with your friends yes­terday?» 5. «Why don’t you play with your friends, Kate?» said her mother. 6. «Do you like chocolates?» said my little sister to me. 7. «Did you see your gran­ny yesterday, Lena?» asked Mr. Brown. 8. The doc­tor asked Nick, «Do you wash your face and hands every morning?» 9. The teacher said to Mike, «Does your father work at a factory?» 10.Mother said to us, «What are you doing here?» 11.Father said to

    Nick, «Have you done your homework?» 12.Tom said, «Ann, where are your friends?»

    Упражнение 330

    Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло­жениях.

    1. Iasked if they had taken the sick man to hospital. 2. I asked my friend if he had a head­ache. 3. I wanted to know when he had fallen ill.

    4. I wondered if he had taken his temperature.

    5. I asked him if the doctor had given him some medicine. I asked him if he was feeling better now.

    6. I asked the man how long he had been in St. Petersburg. 7. I asked him if he was going to a health resort. 8. We asked the girl if her father was still in Moscow. 9. I asked the girl what sort of work her father did.

    Упражнение 331

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «Do you like my pies, Ann?» asked her grand­mother. 2. «Sit down at the table and do your home­work,» said Tom’s mother to him. 3. «What did you do at school yesterday, John?» said his father. 4. «Will you play the piano today, Helen?» asked her aunt. 5. My uncle said, «We shall visit you next week.» 6. «Don’t cross the street under the red light,» said the man to Nick. 7. «I borrowed a very good book from our library yesterday,» said Mike to his father. 8. «Come to my house tomorrow, Jane,» said Lena. 9. «Where are your books, Betsy?» said her mother.


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 275

    Упражнение 332

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1.«Lock the door when you leave the house,» said my elder sister to me. 2. «Have you received a tele­gram from your wife?» she asked Robert. 3. Mabel said, «Nothing will change my decision and I shall leave for Cape Town tonight.» 4. «Pease don’t smoke in the room,» said the old woman to her nephew. 5. «I am shivering with cold,» said the girl. 6. «I want to sit in the armchair,» said the boy. 7. The secretary said to me, «The delegation arrived in St. Petersburg yesterday.» 8. «Open the window, please,» she said to me. 9. He said, «I shall light a fire and make myself breakfast.» 10. «Don’t run to the door when you hear the bell,» said the woman to her little daughter. 11. She asked me, «How long are you going to stay here?» 12. Mary asked me, «Will you spend your vacation in Moscow?»

    Упражнение 333

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. Father said to Jane, «Show me your exercise book.» 2. «What are you doing here, boys?» said Kate. 3. «Don’t make noise,» said Tom’s mother to him. 4. Helen said to Pete, «Did you play chess with your father yesterday?» 5. Kate said to her grandmother, «Help me (to) cook the soup, please.» 6. Mike said to the teacher, «My sister knows two foreign languages.» 7. Tom said to his sister, «I saw your friend at the library yesterday.» 8. «What have you prepared for today, children?» said the teacher. 9. The teacher said to the pupils, «Don’t open your

    books.» 10. Mother said to me, «You willgo to the cinema tomorrow.»

    Упражнение 334

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1.«Tom, go to bed,» said his mother. 2. «I have never seen your toys,» said Nellie to Pete. 3. «Give me your record book, Nick,» said the teacher. 4. Ann said to Lena, «Look at my nice kitten.» 5. «We shall go to the zoo tomorrow,» said our grandmother. 6. Mother said to Pete, «Don’t forget to wash your hands.» 7. Nick said to his mother, «I am doing my homework.» 8. «I have learnt a long poem,» said Mike to the teacher. 9. «Don’t play in the street,» said the man to the boys. 10. «Why don’t you drink your tea?» said my mother to me. 11. «I saw my friend at the stadium yesterday,» said Johnny to his mother. 12. «When did you receive this letter?» my friend said to me. 13. «Will you play football with us?» said the boys to Peter.


    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «I shall buy some new stamps for you if you give me this one,» said Mike to Kate. 2. «Will you bring your sister to the party with you, Boris?» asked Mary. 3. «Please don’t touch me,» he said to me. 4. My father said, «I think I shall not go to the beach with you today because I am very busy.» 5. «I am very thirsty. Please give me some lemonade, Ann,» said Tom. 6. «Don’t lie to me, Tom,» said Aunt Pol-


    Согласование времен. Косвеннаяречъ 277

    ly. «I am tired of your lies.» 7. «Are you fond of going to the theatre?» asked my friend. «Have you seen any plays by Shakespeare?» 8. Nellie asked me, «Did you see ‘Hamlet’ last night?» 9. I asked Nel­lie, «Shall we go to the theatre together?» 10. «Does Mike like Shakespeare?» asked Nellie. «Will he go to the theatre with us?»

    Упражнение 336

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «Why are you shouting, man?» said Prince John to Locksley. «What is your name?» 2. «Who has read «Ivanhoe»?» asked the teacher. «Whom was it written by?» 3. One of the pupils asked the teacher of literature, «What novels shall we read next year?» 4. «Is the river Volga in Russia?» asked the French­man. 5. «Are you playing volleyball, girls?» said Ann. «I did not know that you liked it.» 6. «Don’t touch these photographs,» said Peter to us. «They are still wet, and you may spoil them.» 7. «Does your friend often come here, boys?» said Fred. «I want to speak to him.» 8. «How did you manage to solve this difficult problem in such a short time?» said my friend to me. 9. The teacher said to us, «You will write a paper tomorrow.» 10. «I saw a new film yes­terday,» said Kate to Nick. «Did you like it?» asked Nick.

    Упражнение 337

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «Do you know where the Browns live?» we asked a passerby. 2. «There are a lot of trains to my station on Sunday,» said Andrew to us. «You will

    have no problems getting to my country place.» 3. «Do you often meet my sister at the library?» he asked me. 4. «Will the teacher return our exercise books today?» asked Nick. 5. «My nephew is a very capable young man,» said the woman. «He has just graduated from college, but he is already a very skilful specialist.» 6. «Sit still and don’t move your head,» said the doctor to me. 7. «I want to know how your cousin likes working at this hospital,» said Vera to Helen. 8. «Don’t forget to bring your exercise books tomorrow,» said the teacher to us. «You are going to write a very important paper.» 9. «How can I get to the circus?» asked the girl. «Take tram number five,» said the man. 10. «I am very sorry, Kate,» said Mike, «I have forgotten to bring your dictionary.» 11. «When does your mother go shop­ping?» asked the neighbour.

    Упражнение 338

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. She said, «I am busy today and I shall be bus­ier tomorrow.» 2. Jane said, «I shall come to school early tomorrow.» 3. They said, «We shall not go to school on Sunday.» 4. Mr. Dickson said, «I shall have to pay a lot of money for the car.» 5. Peter said to me, «I’ll be waiting for you at the station.» 6. Mary said, «I’ll be back soon.» 7. She said to me, «What are you going to do when you come home?» 8. She said, «I hope I’ll soon speak English well.» 9. He said, «I am sure it will rain tomorrow.» 10. They said, «We shall go to the river tomorrow if it is hot.»

    11. He said, «I am sure she will come in time.»

    12. She said, «I shall be able to read English news­papers without a dictionary next year.»


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 279

    Упражнение 339

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. The teacher said to us, «You will have to work hard tomorrow.» 2. My girlfriend said to me, «I shall not be able to go for a walk with you today, because I am very busy.» 3. She said to me, «How long are you going to stay in the country?» 4. He said to me, «I like to go to the canteen during the break.» 5. He asked me, «When will you go to the canteen?»

    6. John said, «I met them at the airport yesterday.»

    7. He said, «I shall come to the party if I am free tomorrow.» 8. She said, «I shall go to the cinema in the evening if I am not very tired.» 9. My mother said to me, «It will be difficult for you to get up to­morrow if you don’t go to bed at once.» 10. Nina said, «I like music and I listen to it every evening before going to bed.» 11. My aunt said, «I shall not be thirsty if I eat some grapes.» 12. Mother said to us, «Don’t go out before I return.» 13. My sister said, «I shall be neither hungry nor thirsty if I have a cup of tea with a sandwich.» 14. Mary said, «Don’t switch the TV, Fred, I am working.»

    Упражнение 340

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «I shall gladly go to the cinema with you be­cause I haven’t seen this film and I want to see it very much,» said my aunt. 2. «Which of you can answer my question?» the teacher asked the pupils.

    3. «Do you think that simple food is better for chil­dren than rich food?» she asked the doctor.

    4. «Why did our team lose the game?» said Vera. «It

    has always been very strong.» 5. «Where have you put my book, Mary?» said Tom. «I cannot find it.» 6. «I am very happy,» said Fred. «I have bought a very good bicycle.» 7. «Whom are you waiting for, boys?» asked the man. 8. «I shall not go to the party tomorrow because I don’t feel well,» said Mary. 9. «We saw a lot of places of interest when we were travelling around Europe last summer,» said Wal­ter. 10. «I suppose we shall go to the theatre tomor­row,» said Jane. 11. «Please don’t take the books from my table,» said Lena to me. «I have specially prepared them for working on my report.» 12. «Don’t be afraid, Nick,» said his grandfather. «This dog is very clever and it won’t do you any harm.»

    Упражнение 341

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.


    1. Не said to me, «Come at nine o’clock, I shall be free at that time and we shall have a nice cup of cof­fee.» 2. Nina asked her friend, «What did the pro­fessor speak about in his lecture?» 3. Ann said, «He is one of the best speakers I have ever heard.» 4. He said, «I haven’t yet seen the film you are talking about.» 5. He said, «I seldom went to see my friend in May as I was very busy.» 6. She asked her brother, «Will you manage to get tickets to the Philharmonic on Sunday?» 7. My friend said, «We arrived in Kiev on Saturday and the next day we went to look round the city.» 8. She said to me, «Did you live in St. Petersburg ten years ago?» 9. She said to me, «Are you going to leave St. Petersburg for the sum­mer?» 10. My friend said to me, «The discussion will still be going on when you return.» 11. He said, «I am proud of my brother who took the first prize at


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 281

    the competition.» 12. She asked me, «How long have you been living in St. Petersburg?» 13. She said, «He has just left.» 14. He asked me, «When will your parents arrive in St. Petersburg?» 15. She said to me, «Were you present at the meeting yes­terday?»

    Упражнение 342

    Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло-ОтСан UiH-jc.

    1.Mary wondered if Jane would be busy the next day. 2. John asked Mary if she was afraid of thun­derstorm. 3. He asked her if she had ever walked in rainy weather. 4. Mary told John that she pre­ferred sunny days. 5. The woman asked her son if he was in a hurry. 6. Ann asked if they would go to the country the next day. 7. Kate asked her friend what she liked to do on her days off. 8. I asked the secretary if I might speak to the headmistress. 9. Nick wanted to know if Helen would give him her book. 10. Tom asked if Jane would go to the Philharmonic with him. Jane asked at what time he was planning to go. Tom said that it would take them long to get there. Jane asked where they would meet.


    Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло­жениях.

    1.When I came home, my mother told me that a friend of mine had called on me half an hour be­fore. 2. He said that he studied at Moscow Universi­ty. 3. She said that her brother was playing chess

    with her grandfather. 4. George said it was very difficult to play that role. 5. He asked why there were so few people in the street. 6. The man asked the boy if he knew where he lived. 7. The woman told him not to worry and go home quietly. 8. She said that she would sleep in the open air. 9. She wondered if I was going to leave St. Petersburg the next day. 10. He told me that he had bought that watch the day before. 11. Ann said that she had just had a telephone call from home. 12. My neigh­bour asked me to leave the key at my sister’s. 13. He said he could not understand the rule. 14. He told me he had bought a ticket the day before.

    Упражнение 344

    Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло-

    1. Annie said that she had seen the film several months before. 2. Lydia said she had not seen it yet.

    3. Boris told me that he wanted to build a radio set.

    4. He told me that he had built a radio set. 5. Jack said that he often went to see Bob. 6. She said she had seen Mary that day. 7. Mike said he liked Dick­ens’ novels very much. 8. He told me he had read «Dombey and Son» the year before. 9. The teacher said that the pupils would read the text the next day. 10. She asked me to buy some bread on my way home. 11. Mother told me not to be late for dinner.

    12. I asked Mike if he had «Gulliver’s Travels».

    13. Mike asked me if I had read «Robinson Crusoe» by Daniel Defoe. 14. I asked John if he would be at home at three o’clock. 15. The teacher asked who was ill. 16. Nick asked Pete what he had seen at the museum. 17. The teacher asked who was absent.


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 283

    Упражнение 345

    Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло-

    1. Iasked my aunt if she was going to her home­town for the holidays. 2. He told me that he hadn’t been able to ring me up in time. 3. He asked his class­mates to wait for him. 4. He asked her if anyone else knew about his arrival. 5. I asked him when he would take his last examination. 6. He asked me if I had taken part in the football match. 7. She asked me where I lived. 8. He said that he had joined a sports society. 9. He told me that he had seen my brother the day before. 10. She asked me to hurry up as there was little time left before the beginning of the meet­ing. 11. She asked her friend if the rain had stopped. 12. He answered that it was still raining. 13. My sister told me that she had found the book I was look­ing for. 14. He said that he didn’t like the main char­acter of the book but he could not explain why. 15. He asked his brother what he would do if he did not find the book he needed.

    Упражнение 346

    Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло жениях.

    1. The man told us to have our passports ready. 2. He told us to pass up the gangway. 3. He said we would find our luggage on deck. 4.1 asked my friend if he would go down to his cabin or stay up on deck. 5. He said he was a bad sailor and could not stay on deck. 6. We told the porter to take our luggage to cabin number eight. 7. I asked my friend if he of­ten went to England. 8. He said he did not cross the

    English Channel very often for it was rough as a rule. 9. My friend asked me if I knew when the boat was due1 at Southampton. 10. I asked my friend if he thought it would take us long to get through the customs.

    Упражнение 347

    Ответьте на следующие вопросы, употребляя косвенную речь.

    • E.g. «I likenovels written by Dickens,» saidNina to her friend Vera. «I have readmany of them.» What did Nina say to Vera? Nina toldVera that she likednovels written by Dickens and that she had readmany of them.

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих

    1. «My favourite books are ‘Gulliver’s Travels’
    and ‘Robinson Crusoe’,» answered Vera. «And now
    I am reading a novel by Walter Scott.»

    What did Vera answer Nina?

    2. «Last year we learnt some poems by Byron and
    Shelley, they are so beautiful,» said Nina.

    What did Nina say?

    3. «I know many poems by these great poets.
    I have read some books about Byron and Shelley7
    too,» said Vera.

    What did Vera tell Nina?

    4. «This year we shall read a play by Shakespeare
    in English,» said Nina.

    What did Nina say?

    1whenthe boat was due — когда корабль прибывает


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 285

    Упражнение 348
    Переведите на английский язык. Сравните кон­струкцию повествовательных и повелительных предложений в прямой и косвенной речи.

    1. Мой друг сказал: „Все ученики нашего клас­са любят уроки истории».

    2. Я сказал ему: „Мы любим уроки англий­ского языка».

    3. Учительница сказала: „Скоро вы будете хо­рошо говорить по-ан­глийски, так как вы много работаете».

    4. Учитель сказал: „Я уже проверил вашу контрольную работу».

    5. Катя сказала: „Папа в комнате. Он читает.»

    6. Мама сказала: „Не шумите! Дедушка спит».

    7. Аня сказала: „Мы на­шли в лесу много гри­бов».

    1. Мой друг сказал, что все ученики их клас­са любят уроки исто­рии.

    2. Я сказал ему, что мы любим уроки англий­ского языка.

    3. Учительница сказа­ла, что скоро мы бу­дем хорошо говорить по- английски, так как мы много работаем.

    4. Учитель сказал, что он уже проверил на­шу контрольную работу.

    5. Катя сказала, что па­па в комнате и что он читает.

    6. Мама сказала нам, чтобы мы не шумели, так как дедушка спит.

    7. Аня сказала, что они нашли в лесу много грибов.

    Упражнение 349

    Переведите на английский язык. Сравните кон­струкцию вопросительных предложений в прямой и косвенной речи.

    1. Вчера наш учитель 1. Вчера наш учитель
    спросил нас: „Много спросил нас, много ли

    ли вы читаете?» мы читаем.

    2. Когда он увидел у меня в руках „Дэвида Копперфильда», он спросил, где я взял эту книгу.
    3. Потом он спросил, знаю ли я что-нибудь об авторе этой книги.

    2. Когда он увидел у ме­ня в руках „Дэвида Копперфильда», он спросил: „Где вы взя­ли эту книгу?»

    3. Потом он спросил: „Знаете ли вы что-ни­будь об авторе этой книги?»

    4. Миша спросил меня: 4. Миша спросил меня,
    „Когда ты пойдешь когда я пойду поку-

    покупать книги?»

    Упражнение 350

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «Did you run a race yesterday?» said Peter. «Yes, we did,» said Ann. «Tamara was the first to come to the finish.» 2. «Where is my bag, mother?» asked Tom. «I have put it on the chair near the door,» said his mother. «Don’t forget to put your record book into it.» 3. «Why can’t we play here, mother?» asked the children. «Father is sleeping,» said their mother. «He has worked very much today.


    Согласование времен. Косвеннаяречъ 287

    Keep quiet.» 4. «Why do you help her?» said Alec to us. «She is lazy. She can do everything herself.» 5. «I don’t want to go to the zoo. I was there last week with my cousin and saw all the animals,» said Lena. 6. «Look at my stamps, father,» said Nick. «When will you buy some new ones for me?» 7. «I can’t do this exercise: it is too difficult,» said Tanya. «Why didn’t you ask your teacher to explain it?» said her brother. 8. «Can you see the lights over there in the distance?» said the lighthouse keeper. «Yes, I can,» said his assistant. «A ship is giving signals.»

    Обратите внимание на передачу следующих конструкций в косвенной речи:

    «Let’s playchess,» said Nick. —

    Nick suggested playingchess. «All right,»said Pete. — Pete agreed. «Oh no,»said Mike. — Mike refused.

    Упражнение 351

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «Let’s play badminton,» said Nina. «All right,» said Mike. «I like to play badminton very much.» 2. «Let’s run a race,» said Bill. «No,» said Jack. «I hurt my foot three days ago and now I cannot run.» 3. «Will you show me your new flat?» said Tom. «Of course,» said Becky. «Come to our place tomorrow.» 4. «I shall go to see my friend tomor­row,» said Kate. «Will you come with me?» «Yes, I shall,» said Pete. «I want to see your friend.» 5. «Does your friend always come to school so early?» said Victor. «No,» said Mary. «She came so early this

    morning because she is on duty today.»6. «There is a new film on at our cinema,» said Lena. «Let’s go and see it.» «No, I can’t,» said Mike. «I shall be busy.» 7. «What shall we do with Nick?» said Ann. «He has got a bad mark again.» «Let’s help him with his Russian,» said Pete. «I am sure we can do it.»

    Упражнение 352

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. Не said, «We have forgotten to take the ball!»

    2. She said, «I shall be very glad to see you.»

    3. «Let’s go to the Philharmonic. There is a good con­
    cert there tonight,» said Walter. «Oh, very good,»
    said Robert. «I haven’t been to the Philharmonic
    for a long time.» 4. Alec asked me, «Have you ever
    been to the National Gallery?» «Yes, I have,» said I.
    «I visited it last year when we were staying in Lon­
    don.» 5. He said, «Who is this man? I don’t know
    him.» 6. I thought, «He is a very clever man: he can
    help me.» 7. My brother said, «In two hours I shall
    have finished my work and then I shall go to the
    cinema.» Then he said to me, «Let’s go together.»
    «All right,» I said. 8. The teacher said, «Open your
    books and begin reading the new text.» 9. The girl
    asked, «What is the price of this dress?» 10. «Please
    help me with this problem, I cannot solve it,» I said
    to my father. «All right,» said my father, «let’s try
    to solve it together.» 11. «Let’s go to Finland for the
    winter holidays,» said Kate. «No,» said Andrew, «we
    have already been to Finland. Let’s go to Greece. It
    will be very interesting to see the country we have
    read about so much.» «All right,» said Kate, «let’s
    go.» 12. Nellie said, «Yesterday I went to see Paul,
    but he was not at home.» «Let’s go to see him to­
    day,» said Nick. «I think he will be at home.» «No,»
    said Nellie, «I can’t go today, I am very busy.»


    Согласование времен. Косвеннаяречъ 289

    Упражнение 353

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «That’s enough,» said Tom’s mother, «he will never go there again. I shall see to it.» 2. «Who will read the next story?» asked grandmother. «It is very interesting, and I am sure you all will like it.» 3. «Will you come and see me on Friday?» Lena asked her friend. «All right,» said her friend, «I think I shall be free on Friday.» 4. «Will you need the book for a long time?» he asked me. «I can give it to you only for a few days.» 5. «Soon I shall know the whole poem perfectly,» said Mary. «I have already learnt more than half of it.» 6. «Will you be able to find their house without me?» said John to me. «You have never been to those parts.» 7. «Please, please don’t ask me any more questions,» she said to me, «I am very tired. I shall answer all your questions tomor­row.» 8. «I shall finish reading the book by Monday, and then you can have it,» he said to me. 9. «I haven’t seen him since last year,» said Lena, «and I think he has grown. Let’s go and see him tomorrow.» «All right,» said I. «It will be interesting to see him and talk to him.» 10. «Do you think it is really correct?» I asked my friend. «I am afraid you have made a mistake in one or two words.»

    Упражнение 354

    Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло­жениях.

    1. Не told me not to call on him the next day as he would not be at home. 2. The officer ordered the soldiers to wait for him. 3. He said that he had lived in St. Petersburg for many years and knew the city very well. 4. I told my brother that I was sorry he

    hadn’t kept his promise. 5. John told his friend that he had just come from the United States and in­tended to stay in St. Petersburg for about a month. 6. Our monitor said that he was not satisfied with his report and was going to work on it for some more time. He said that he was to make it on the twelfth of February and so he had a few days left. 7. He said that he was quite all right. The climate hadn’t done him any harm. 8. A man came up and asked me where he could buy a video cassette. 9. I asked my brother who had rung him up in the morning.

    Упражнение 355

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. The shop assistant said, «The shoe department is downstairs.» 2. The professor said to his assis­tant, «You have made great progress.» 3. The teacher said to us, «You must read this text at home.» 4. Paul said, «We shall have to discuss this text tomorrow.» 5. She asked me, «Do you know who has taken my book?» 6. We asked him, «What has happened to you? You look so pale!» 7. She said to me, «I hope you haven’t forgotten to post the letter.» 8. She asked inc. «Where have you put my gloves? I cannot find Ними.»

    9. They said to me, «Try this coat on befon> buying
    it. Maybe you won’t like it when you have put it <m.»

    10. Last night I was called to the trlepl………………….. c

    An unfamiliar voice said, «Is that Dmitri spruit иц;? My name is Pavlov. I have conic I’mm Mumihw i<>

    day. I have brought some books I’m y»» •…………. ……

    friends. I am staying at the (inniil ll<«l<<l l:ni.ч•• When and where can I see v<>’i?» «I.< Ги im-i-i ni Ни Pushkin monument in Arln .Scputie nl live ><‘. !■» U il it is convenient for you,» I mhuI «All iiphi,» In- мм swered, «I shall he tln-i«- «

    10 Ю. Голицмискии


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 291

    Упражнение 356

    Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «Have you got a Russian-English dictionary?» he asked me. «Can you let me have it for this evening? I must do some very difficult translation.» «All right,» said I. «I won’t need it tonight.» 2. «I thought about you last night, Lydia,» said Nellie. «Have you decided to go to Omsk with your parents or will you remain here with your aunt until you finish school?» 3. «Have you done your homework or did you leave it till the evening, Bob?» asked Mike. «I thought of inviting you to go to the theatre with me, but I remembered that you nearly always do your home­work in the evening.» 4. «I am fond of Dickens,» said Jack. «I have been reading ‘The Old Curiosity Shop’ the whole week. I like the novel very much. I am read­ing it for the second time.» 5. «I think my friend has finished reading ‘Jane Eyre’, said Tanya. «I hope she will give it to me soon: I am eager to read it.»

    Упражнение 357

    Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

    Mother: Nick! Do you hear the alarm clock? Wake

    up! Nick: Oh, I am so sleepy! Mother: Well, that’s what you always say. Now, get

    out of bed quickly. Nick: Oh!

    Mother: Be quick, or you will be late for school. Nick: No fear. I have a lot of time. Mother: You forget that you have to brush your

    teeth and to wash your hands and face. Nick: Mummy, I remember everything.

    Упражнение 358

    Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

    Jane: May I come in?

    Kate: Is that you, Jane? Come in! It is very good of you to come and see me.

    Jane: I came before, but you were too ill to see any­body. Did you get the flowers?

    Kate: Surely, I did. It was very nice of you to send them to me.

    Jane: How are you now?

    Kate: Oh, I am much better, thank you. The doc­tor says that I shall be allowed to go out in a few days.

    Jane: Do you miss school?

    Kate: Very much. I am afraid I’ll be lagging behind the group in my lessons now.

    Jane: Don’t think about it. We shall help you.

    Kate: Thank you very much.

    Упражнение 359

    Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

    Peter: Are you coming my way?

    John: Yes, I am. How are you getting along?

    Peter: Jolly well. How did you find the last test in geometry?

    John: Rather difficult. I am not very good at solv­ing problems.

    Peter: Why didn’t you ask me to help yon? I would gladly have done it.

    John: Oh, thanks a lot. I shall. Have you f>«>t, и lot of homework for tomorrow?

    Peter: Yes. You know the timetable, Kr’nlny ‘* «I ways a bad day. We have six lessons loinor


    Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 293

    row, and all the subjects are difficult. Be­sides, there will be questions from my little sister. She is not very good at sums.

    John: All right, then. I’ll come to your place tomor­row evening, if you don’t mind.

    Peter: Let’s make it tomorrow. I’ll be waiting for you.

    Упражнение 360

    Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

    Susan: Good morning, doctor.

    Doctor: Good morning, Susan. What’s the matter

    with you? Susan: I feel bad. I have a headache, and I am

    afraid I am running a temperature. Doctor: Open your mouth and show me your throat.

    You have a bad cold, Susan. You must stay

    in bed for two days until your temperature

    is normal and you stop coughing. Susan: How I hate being ill and staying in bed! Doctor: But if you are not careful, you may fall ill

    with the flu or pneumonia. I’ll prescribe

    some medicine. Susan: Thank you, doctor. Goodbye.

    Упражнение 361

    Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

    Michael: I say, Bill, can you show me around a bit? I only came here two days ago and I haven’t been anywhere as yet.

    Bill: Of course, I shall do it with pleasure. Let’s

    go at once. And let’s invite Alice to come with us. She knows a lot about the places of interest here.

    Michael: That’s a good idea.

    Bill: Alice, can you come with us? We are go-

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    ing for a walk, and I want to show Michael some places of interest.

    Alice: No, I can’t go with you, boys. I am sorry. Mother told me to buy some bread, and I forgot about it. I shall have to do it now. Go without me. I shall go with you some other time.

    Bill: It’s a pity. All right, Michael, let’s go.

    Упражнение 362

    Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

    Waiter: What will you order?
    Man: Give me the menu, please.
    Waiter: Here you are.
    Man: Chicken soup for the first course…
    Waiter: For the second course I recommend you to
      take fried fish. It is very good.
    Man: All right, bring me fried fish.
    Waiter: Any vegetables?
    Man: Yes, bring me some potatoes, and then
      cheese, coffee and fruit.
    Waiter: Yes, sir.



    heard the girl… cry out with joy. 17. I would rather … stay at home today. 18. He did not want … play in the yard any more. 19. Would you like … go to England? 20. You look tired. You had better … go home. 21. I wanted … speak to Nick, but could not … find his telephone number. 22. It is time … get up. 23. Let me … help you with your homework.

    24. I was planning … do a lot of things yesterday.

    25. I’d like … speak to you. 26. I think I shall be able … solve this problem. 27. What makes you … think you are right?

    Запомните случаи, в которых инфинитивупотреб­ляется без частицы«to»:

    • после модальных глаголов;

    • после глаголов to letи to make;

    • в сложном дополнении после глаголов восприя­тия: (to see, to hear, to feel, etc.);

    • после выражений: I would rather…

    You had better…

    Упражнение 363

    Вставьте частицу to перед инфинитивом, где необходимо.

    1. I like … dance. 2. I’d like … dance. 3. I shall do all I can … help you. 4. She made me … repeat my words several times. 5. I saw him … enter the room. 6. She did not let her mother … go away. 7. Do you like … listen to good music? 8. Would you like … listen to good music? 9. That funny scene made me … laugh. 10. I like … play the guitar. 11. My brother can … speak French. 12. We had … put on our overcoats because it was cold. 13. They wanted … cross the river. 14. It is high time for you … go to bed. 15. May I … use your telephone? 16. They

    Упражнение 364

    Замените выделенные части предложении иифи нитивными оборотами.

    E.g.The boy had many toys which he could play with The boy had many toys to pinyto

    1. Here is something which will warm you up. 2. Mere is a new brush which you will clean your teeth with. 3. Here are some more facts which will prove thai your theory is correct. 4. Here is some­thing which you can rub on your hands. It will soft­en them. 5. Here are some screws with which you can fasten the shelves to the wall. 6. Here are some tablets which will relieve your headache. 7. Here are some articles which must be translated for tomor­row. 8. Who has a pen or a pencil to spare? I need something I could write with. 9. I have bronchi y«m a book which you can read now, bnl be sine ami ■<• turn it by Saturday. 10. Soon we found UkiI Нин-was another complicated problem Mini we \<-i<- t<> consider. 11. The girl was ipnl.e yi.ime и In u I…1I1 her parents died and she icnmiinil nl.nn uiili !«•> younger brothers whom she IiihI ti> lulu- «им- <•!



    12. I have no books which I can read. 13. Is there anybody who will help you with your spelling? 14. Don’t forget that she has a baby which she must take care of. 15. Have you got nothing that you want to say on this subject? 16. There was nothing that he could do except go home. 17. I have only a few minutes in which I can explain these words to you. 18. I have an examination which I must take soon, so I can’t go to the theatre with you. 19. King Lear decided to have a hundred knights who would serve him after he had divided up his kingdom.

    Упражнение 365

    Замените придаточные предложения инфинитив­ными оборотами.

    • E.g. He is so old that he cannot skate. He is too old to skate.

    1. The problem is so difficult that it is impossible to solve it. 2. The box is so heavy that nobody can carry it. 3. The baby is so little that it cannot walk.

    4. He is so weak that he cannot lift this weight.

    5. She is so busy that she cannot talk with you.

    6. She was so inattentive that she did not notice the
    mistake. 7. The rule was so difficult that they did
    not understand it. 8. He was so stupid that he did
    not see the joke. 9. She has got so fat that she
    cannot wear this dress now. 10. The accident was
    so terrible that I don’t want to talk about it. 11. They
    were so empty-headed that they could not learn a
    single thing. 12. The window was so dirty that they
    could not see through it. 13. She was so foolish that
    she could not understand my explanation. 14.1 have
    very little wool: it won’t make a sweater.

    Запомните следующие устойчивые словосочетания с инфинитивом:

    to cut a long story short — короче говоря

    to tell (you) the truth — сказать (вам) по правде

    to say nothing of — не говоря уже о

    to put it mildly — мягко выражаясь

    to say the least of it — no меньшей мере

    to begin with — начнем с того что

    Запомните следующие предложения:

    The book leaves much to be desired. — Книга оставляет желать лучшего.

    Не is difficult to deal with. — С ним трудно иметь дело.

    Не is hard to please. — Ему трудно угодить.

    She is pleasant to look at. — На нее приятно смот­реть.

    Упражнение 366

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя устойчивые словосочетания с инфинитивом.

    1. Для начала она открыла все окна. 2. С моим соседом трудно иметь дело. 3. По правде говоря, я очень устал. 4. Его поведение оставляет желать лучшего. 5. Мягко выражаясь, вы меня удивили. 6. На этих детей приятно посмотреть. 7. Короче говоря, они поженились. 8. Самая известная книга Джерома — „Трое в лодке, не считая собаки». 9. Вам трудно угодить. 10. По меньшей мере, мы были удивлены. 11. Мягко выражаясь, она была невежлива. 12. Ваша работа оставляет желать лучшего. 13. Сказать по правде, я не люблю бокс. 14. Вашей сестре трудно угодить. 15. Начнем с того, что я занят. 16. На него было приятно


    Инфинитив 299

    смотреть. 17. Короче говоря, он не сдал экзамен. 18. Мы все были рады, не говоря уже о маме: она сказала, что это самый счастливый день в ее жиз­ни. 19. Твое сочинение оставляет желать лучшего. 20. Это очень странно, по меньшей мере.

    Обратите внимание на отсутствие союза чтобы
    пород инфинитивом в роли обстоятельства цели:
    То getthis book, you Чтобы получитьэту книгу,
    innsl (jo to Iho library. вы должны пойти в библио-
    Запомнит следующие предложения:
    1 have nothing to read. — Мне нечего читать.
    She has nobody to — Ей не с кем поговорить.
    speak to.  
    What is to be done? — Что делать?
    Who is to blame? — Кто виноват?
    1 am not to blame. — Я не виноват.
    To hoo is to believe. — Видеть значит верить.
    Ho wild tho first (last) — Он пришел первым
    to come. (последним).
    It is out of the question — Не может быть и речи
    to go there. о том, чтобы идти туда.

    Упражнение 367

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих

    Переведите на английский, язык, употребляя устойчивые словосочетания с инфинитивом.

    1.Сказать по правде, мне это не нравится. 2. Им было нечего есть. 3. Кто виноват? 4. Короче гово­ря, он не сделал урок. 5. В нашей семье мама всег­да встает первая. 6. На нее приятно смотреть. 7. Чтобы перевести эту статью, вы должны вос-1мим.конаться словарем. 8. Мне некуда ехать летом.

    9. О том, чтобы купаться в этой реке, не могло быть и речи. 10. Ему было не с кем обсудить эту проблему. 11. Вчера Катя пришла в школу последней. 12. Чтобы получить хорошую оцен­ку, вы должны упорно поработать. 13. С ней трудно иметь дело. 14. Что делать? 15. Начнем с того, что он болен. 16. Чтобы читать Диккенса в оригинале, вы должны хорошо знать язык. 17. Мягко выражаясь, он не прав. 18. Она была не виновата. 19. Ребенку не с кем играть. 20. Ви­деть значит верить. 21. Чтобы успеть на этот по­езд, вы должны поторопиться. 22. Не может быть и речи о покупке машины в этом году. 23. Книга оставляет желать лучшего.

    Сравните употребление


    Indefinite Infinitive и Perfect Infinitive

    To write — to be written

    Active Infinitive и Passive Infinitive

    I am glad to helpyou. — Рад помочь. (Рад, что я помогаю).

    Iam glad to be helped.— Рад, что мне помогают.

    Упражнение 368

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на Active Infinitive и Passive Infinitive.

    1. То play chess was his greatest pleasure. 2. The child did not like to be washed. 3. Isn’t it natural that we like to be praised and don’t like to be scolded? 4. Which is more pleasant: to give or to be given presents? 5. Nature has many secrets to be discovered yet. 6. To improve your pronunciation you should record yourself and analyse your speech. 7. This is the book to be read during the summer



    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих holidays. 8. То be instructed by such a good specialist was a great advantage. 9. He is very forgetful, but he doesn’t like to be reminded of his duties.

    Сравните употребление

    Iam glad to seeyou. — Рад видеть вас. (Рад, что вижу вас.)

    I am glad to have seenyou. — Рад, что повидал вас.

    Формы инфинитива
      Active Passive
    Indefinite (Simple) to write to be written
    Continuous to be writing  
    Perfect to have written to have been written
    Perfect Continuous to have been writing  

    Упражнение 369

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на Perfect Infinitive.

    1. The child was happy to have been brought home. 2. Jane remembered to have been told a lot about Mr. Rochester. 3. The children were delighted to have been brought to the circus. 4. I am sorry to have spoilt your mood. 5. Maggie was very sorry to have forgotten to feed the rabbits. 6. I am awfully glad to have met you. 7. Sorry to have placed you in this disagreeable situation. 8. I am very happy to have had the pleasure of making your acquaintance. 9. I am sorry to have kept you waiting. 10. Clyde was awfully glad to have renewed his acquaintance with Sondra. 11. Sorry not to have noticed you. 12. I am sorry to have added some more trouble by what I have told you. 13. When Clyde looked at the girl closely, he remembered to have seen her in Sondra’s company. 14. I remembered to have been moved1 by the scene I witnessed.

    1 moved — зд. растроган

    Что значат эти формы? Рассмотрите предложения, иллюстрирующие значение разных форм инфинитива
    Чему я рад?
    Indefinite (Simple) 1 am glad to speak to you. Рад поговорить с ва­ми. (Всегда радуюсь, когда говорю с вами.)
    Continu­ous 1 am glad to be speaking to you. Рад, что сейчас раз­говариваю с вами.
    Perfect 1 am glad to have spoken to you. Рад, что поговорил с вами.
    Perfect Continu­ous 1 am glad to have been speaking to you. Рад, что уже давно (все это время) раз­говариваю с вами.
    со со Indefinite (Simple) 1 am (always) glad to be told the news. Всегда рад, когда мне рассказывают новости.
    Perfect 1 am glad to have been told the news. Рад, что мне рассказали новости.



    Упражнение 370

    Замените выделенные части предложений инфи­нитивными оборотами.

    • E.g. He is sorry that he has said it. He is sorry to have said it.

    1. It is certain that it will rain if you don’t take your umbrella. 2. Don’t promise that you will do it, if you are not sure that you can. 3. He was happy that he was praised by everybody. 4. He was very proud that he had helped his elder brother. 5. She was sorry that she had missed the beginning of the concert. 6. I am glad that I see all my friends here.

    7. I was afraid of going past that place alone.

    8. My sister will be thrilled when she is wearing a dress as lovely as that. 9. We must wait till we hear the exam results. 10. She is happy that she has found such a nice place to live in. 11. I should be delighted if I could join you. 12. He hopes that he will know everything by tomorrow.

    Упражнение 371

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующуюся фор­му инфинитива.

    1. Не seems (to read) a lot. 2. Не seems (to read) now. 3. He seems (to read) since morning. 4. He seems (to read) all the books in the library. 5. I want (to take) you to the concert. 6. I want (to take) to the concert by my father. 7. She hoped (to help) her friends. 8. She hoped (to help) by her friends. 9. I hope (to see) you soon. 10. We expect (to be) back in two days. 11. He expected (to help) by the teacher. 12. The children seem (to play) since morn-

    ing. 13. I am glad (to do) all the homework yester­day. 14. She seems (to work) at this problem ever since she came here. 15. I am sorry (to break) your pen.

    Упражнение 372

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующуюся фор­му инфинитива.

    1. I hate (to bother) you, but the students are still waiting (to give) books for their work. 2. He seized every opportunity (to appear) in public: he was so anxious (to talk) about. 3. Is there anything else (to tell) her? I believe she deserves (to know) the state of her sick brother. 4. He began writing books not because he wanted (to earn) a living. He wanted (to read) and not (to forget). 5. I consider myself lucky (to be) to that famous exhibition and (to see) so many wonderful paintings. 6. He seems (to know) French very well: he is said (to spend) his youth in Paris. 7. The enemy army was reported (to overthrow) the defence lines and (to advance) towards the suburbs of the city. 8. The woman pretended (to read) and (not to hear) the bell. 9. You seem (to look) for troub­le. 10. It seemed (to snow) heavily since early morn­ing: the ground was covered with a deep layer of snow. 11. They seemed (to quarrel): I could hear an­gry voices from behind the door. 12. They are sup­posed (to work) at the problem for the last two months. 13. The only sound (to hear) was the snor­ing of grandfather in the bedroom. 14. Her ring was believed (to lose) until she happened (to find) it dur­ing the general cleaning. It turned out (to drop) be­tween the sofa and the wall. 15. They seemed (to wait) for ages.

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих


    Упражнение 373

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя тре­бующуюся форму инфинитива.

    1. Я рад, что рассказал вам эту историю. 2. Я рад, что мне рассказали эту историю. 3. Я хочу познакомить вас с этой артисткой. 4. Я хочу, что­бы меня познакомили с этой артисткой. 5. Я рад, что встретил ее на станции. 6. Я рад, что меня встретили на станции. 7. Мы очень счастливы, что пригласили его на вечер. 8. Мы очень счаст­ливы, что нас пригласили на вечер. 9. Он будет счастлив посетить эту знаменитую картинную галерею. 10. Он был счастлив, что посетил эту знаменитую картинную галерею. 11. Дети любят, когда им рассказывают сказки. 12. Я не предпо­лагал останавливаться на этой станции. 13. Я не ожидал, что меня остановят. 14. Я сожалею, что причинил вам столько беспокойства. 15. Он не выносит1, когда ему лгут. 16. Я вспомнил, что уже встречал это слово в какой-то книге. 17. Мне очень жаль, что я пропустил эту интересную лек­цию. 18. Она счастлива, что слышала концерт известного итальян-ского дирижера. 19. Она рада, что присутствовала на лекции. 20. Он очень доволен, что закончил свою книгу. 21. Наши спортсмены гордятся тем, что выиграли кубок. 22. Я только хочу, чтобы мне позволили помочь вам. 23. Я был благодарен, что мне дали комна­ту с большим окном. 24. Он был счастлив, что вернулся домой. 25. Он был счастлив, что снова дома. 26. Я сожалею, что прервал вас. 27. Я со­жалею, что не застала вас дома. 28. Джейн была счастлива, что уезжает от миссис Рид. 29. Рочес-тер был рад познакомиться с Джейн. 30. Рочес-тер был рад, что познакомился с Джейн.

    1 не выносит — hates



    She watched the children writing the dictation. Writing the dictation, he made only one mistake. The dictation written the day before was corrected.

    Упражнение 374

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на причастия.

    1.Everybody looked at the dancing girl. 2. The little plump woman standing at the window is my grandmother. 3. The man playing the piano is Kate’s uncle. 4. Entering the room, she turned on the light. 5. Coming to the theatre, she saw that the perform­ance had already begun. 6. Looking out of the win­dow, he saw his mother watering the flowers.

    7. Hearing the sounds of music, we stopped talking.

    8. She went into the room, leaving the door open.

    9. Working at his desk, he listened to a new CD.

    10. Running into the road, the young man stopped
    a taxi. 11. Looking through the newspaper, she no­
    ticed a photograph of her boss. 12. Using chemi­
    cals, the firemen soon put out the fire in the forest.



    Упражнение 375

    Замените придаточные определительные пред­ложения причастными оборотами.

    1. All the people who live in this houseare stu­dents. 2. The woman who is speaking nowis our sec­retary. 3. The apparatus that stands on the table in the corner of the laboratoryis quite new. 4.The young man who helps the professor in his experi­mentsstudies at our university. 5.People who bor­row books from the librarymust return them in time. 6. There are many pupils in our class who take part in all kinds of extracurricular activities.

    Упражнение 376

    Замените придаточные предложения причины причастными оборотами.

    1.As he now felt more atease, the man spoke in a louder voice. 2. Since he knew who the man was,Robert was very pleased to have the chance of talk­ing to him. 3.As he thought that it was his brother at the window,Steve decided to open it. 4.As the people were afraid of falling into a ditch in the darkness at any moment,they felt their way about very carefully. 5. Since he needed a shelter for the night,Peter decided to go to the neighbours’ house.

    Упражнение 377

    Замените придаточные предложения времени причастными оборотами (не опускайте союз when).

    speak English,pay attention to the order of words. 3. When you are copying English texts,pay atten­tion to the articles. 4. When you begin to work with the dictionary,don’t forget my instructions. 5. Be careful when you are crossing a street. 6. When you are leaving the room,don’t forget to switch off the light. 7. When they were travelling in Cen­tral Africa,the explorers met many wild animals.

    Past Participle = Participle II

    III форма глагола

    broken — сломанный, разбитый written — написанный eaten — съеденный

    Упражнение 378

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на Past Participle.

    1. She put a plate of fried fish in front of me.

    2. The coat bought last year is too small for me now.

    3. Nobody saw the things kept in that box. 4. My sister likes boiled eggs. 5. We stopped before a shut door. 6. Tied to the tree, the goat could not run away. 7. They saw overturned tables and chairs and pieces of broken glass all over the room. 8. This is a church built many years ago. 9. The books written by Dickens give us a realistic picture of the 19thcentury England.

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающихPassive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих 308 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ

    Сравните употребление Participle I (ing-форма) и Participle II (III форма глагола)

    taking — берущий, беря taken — взятый

    doing — делающий, делая done — сделанный

    Упражнение 379

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на Participle I и Participle II.

    1.a) A letter sent from St. Petersburg today will

    be in Moscow tomorrow.

    b) He saw some people in the post office send­ing telegrams.

    c) When sending the telegram, she forgot to write her name.

    2. a) Some of the questions put to the lecturer

    yesterday were very important.

    b) The girl putting the book on the shelf is the new librarian.

    c) While putting the eggs into the basket, she broke one of them.

    3. a) A fish taken out of the water cannot live.

    b) A person taking a sunbath must be very care­ful.

    c) Taking a dictionary, he began to translate the text.

    4. a) A line seen through this crystal looks double.

    b) A teacher seeing a mistake in a student’s dictation always corrects it.

    c) Seeing clouds of smoke over the house, the girl cried, «Fire! Fire!»

    5. a) The word said by the student was not correct,
    b) The man standing at the door of the train

    carriage and saying goodbye to his friends is a well-known musician.

    Причастие 309

    с) Standing at the window, she was waving her hand. 6. a) A word spoken in time may have very im­portant results.

    b) The students speaking good English must help their classmates.

    c) The speaking doll interested the child very much.

    d) While speaking to Nick some days ago, I for­got to ask him about his sister.

    Упражнение 380

    Выберите из скобок требующуюся форму причас­тия.

    1. a) The girl (writing, written) on the blackboard

    is our best pupil, b) Everything (writing, written) here is quite right.

    2. a) We listened to the girls (singing, sung) Rus-

    sian folk songs, b) We listened to the Russian folk songs (sing­ing, sung) by the girls.

    3. a) The girl (washing, washed) the floor is my

    sister, b) The floor (washing, washed) by Helen looked very clean.

    4. a) Who is that boy (doing, done) his homework

    at that table? b) The exercises (doing, done) by the pupils were easy.

    5. a) The house (surrounding, surrounded) by tall

    trees is very beautiful, b) The wall (surrounding, surrounded) the house was very high.



    6. Read the (translating, translated) sentences once more.

    7. Name some places (visiting, visited) by you last year.

    8. I picked up the pencil (lying, lain) on the floor.

    9. She was reading the book (buying, bought) the day before.

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих

    10. Yesterday we were at a conference (organizing, organized) by the pupils of the 10th form.

    11. (Taking, taken) the girl by the hand, she led her across the street.

    12. It was not easy to find the (losing, lost) stamp.

    13. I shall show you a picture (painting, painted) by Hogarth.

    14. Here is the letter (receiving, received) by me yesterday.

    15. Do you know the girl (playing, played) in the garden?

    16. The book (writing, written) by this scientist is very interesting.

    17. Translate the words (writing, written) on the blackboard.

    18. We could not see the sun (covering, covered) by dark clouds.

    19. The (losing, lost) book was found at last.

    20. (Going, gone) along the street, I met Mary and Ann.

    21. Look at the beautiful flowers (gathering, gath­ered) by the children.

    22. His hat (blowing, blown) off by the wind was lying in the middle of the street.

    23. «How do you like the film?» he asked, (turn­ing, turned) towards me.

    24. When we came nearer, we saw two boys (com­ing, come) towards us.

    25. I think that the boy (standing, stood) there is his brother.


    Сравните употребление Present Participle и Perfect Participle

    Упражнение 381

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Participle или Perfect Participle.

    1. (to do) his homework, he was thinking hard. 2. (to do) his homework, he went for a walk. 3. (to sell) fruit, he looked back from time to time, hop­ing to see his friends. 4. (to sell) all the fruit, he went to see his friends. 5. (to eat) all the potatoes, she drank a cup of tea. 6. (to drink) tea, she scald­ed her lips. 7. (to run) in the yard, I fell and hurt my knee. 8. (to look) through some magazines, I came across an interesting article about UFOs. 9. (to write) out and (to learn) all the new words, he was able to translate the text easily. 10. (to live) in the south of our country, he cannot enjoy the beauty of St. Petersburg’s White Nights in summer. 11. (to talk) to her neighbour in the street, she did not no­tice how a thief stole her money. 12. (to read) the story, she closed the book and put it on the shelf.

    13. (to buy) some juice and cakes, we went home.

    14. (to sit) near the fire, he felt very warm.

    «1 Формы причастия
      Active Passive
    Present Perfect Past
    writing having written being written having been written written


    Причастие 313

    Как переводить разные формы причастия на русский язык
    Формы причастия Как их переводить
    причастием деепричастием
    reading читающий читая
    having read прочитав
    being read читаемый
    (т. е. который читают)
    будучи читаемым
    (т. е. когда его читали), будучи прочитанным
    (т. е. когда его прочи­тали)
    having been read будучи прочитанным
    (т. е. когда его прочитали)
    read прочитанный
    building строящий строя
    having built построив
    being built строящийся
    (т. е. который строят)
    будучи строящимся
    (т. е. когда его строили) будучи построенным
    (т. е. когда его построили)
    having been built будучи построенным
    (т. е. когда его построили)
    built построенный

    Упражнение 382

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на причастия.

    1. The boy lay sleeping when the doctor came. 2. The broken arm was examined by the doctor.

    3. While being examined, the boy could not help cry­ing. 4. Having prescribed the medicine, the doctor went away. 5. The medicine prescribed by the doctor was bitter. 6. The dress bought at the department store was very beautiful. 7. While using a needle, you should be careful not to prick your finger. 8. While crossing the street, one should first look to the left and then to the right. 9. People watching a perform­ance are called an audience. 10. Being very ill, she could not go to school. 11. The first rays of the ris­ing sun lit up the top of the hill. 12. The tree struck by lightning was all black and leafless. 13. Being busy, he postponed his trip. 14. The door bolted on the inside could not be opened. 15. Having been shown the wrong direction, the travellers soon lost their way. 16. The room facing the garden is much more comfor­table than this one. 17. Having descended the moun­tain, they heard a man calling for help. 18. Flushed and excited, the boy came running to his mother. 19. He stood watching the people who were coming down the street shouting and waving their hands.

    Обратите внимание на способы перевода на английский язык русских причастий
    S 1-
    действи­тельный залог несовер­шенный вид бросающий, бросавший throwing
    совершен­ный вид бросивший нельзя1
    страда­тельный залог несовершен­ный вид бросаемый being thrown
    совершен­ный вид брошенный thrown

    1 Действительное причастие совершенного вида (а также не­совершенного вида прошедшего времени) может быть переве­дено на английский язык только придаточным определитель­ным предложением (who threw, who has thrown, who had thrown).



    Обратите внимание на способы перевода на английский язык русских деепричастий:
    G) G)
    действи­тельный залог несовершен­ный вид бросая throwing
    совершен­ный вид бросив having thrown
    страда­тельный залог несовершен­ный вид будучи бросаемым being thrown
    совершен­ный вид будучи брошенным being thrown having been thrown

    Упражнение 383

    Переведите следующие русские причастия и де­епричастия на английский язык.

    Приносящий, принесенный, принося, принеся, переводящий, переведенный, переводя, переведя, давая, написав, читающий, берущий, данный, про­читав, сделанный, пьющий, сказанный, будучи по­терянным, нарисовав, написавший, делая, взятый, взяв, рисуя, выпитый, сделав, идя, пишущий, про­читанный, дав, рисующий, делающий, нарисован­ный, выпив, говорящий, беря, написанный, читая, идущий, дающий, сказав, сидевший, посмотрев, бу­дучи забыт, строящий, строящийся, играя, поиграв, рассказанный, рассказавший, видя, принесший, будучи принесенным, построенный, продав.

    Упражнение 384

    В следующих предложениях употребите, где возмож­но, причастия вместо глаголов в личной форме. Из­меняйте конструкцию предложения, где необходимо.

    1. When he was running across the yard, he fell. 2. When I was going home yesterday, I kept think-

    ing about my friend. 3. He put on his coat, went out and looked at the cars which were passing by. 4. She closed the book, put it aside and looked at the children who were running about in the yard. 5. As the book was translated into Russian, it could be read by everybody. 6. As we were given dictionar­ies, we managed to translate the article easily. 7. As soon as I have done my homework, I shall go for a walk. 8. As soon as I have bought the book, I shall begin reading it.

    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих

    Упражнение 385

    Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующуюся фор­му причастия.

    1. (to write) in very bad handwriting, the letter was difficult to read. 2. (to write) his first book, he could not help worrying about the reaction of the critics. 3. (to spend) twenty years abroad, he was happy to be coming home. 4. (to be) so far away from home, he still felt himself part of the family. 5. She looked at the enormous bunch of roses with a happy smile, never (to give) such a wonderful present be­fore. 6. (not to wish) to discuss that difficult and painful problem, he changed the subject. 7. (to translate) by a good specialist, the story preserved all the sparkling humour of the original. 8. (to ap­prove) by the critics, the young author’s story was accepted by a thick magazine. 9. (to wait) for some time in the hall, he was invited into the drawing room. 10. (to wait) in the hall, he thought over the problem he was planning to discuss with the old lady. 11. They reached the oasis at last, (to walk) across the endless desert the whole day. 12. (to lie) down on the soft couch, the exhausted child fell asleep at once. 13. She went to work, (to leave) the child with the nurse. 14. (to phone) the agency, he left (to say) he would be back in two hours.


    Упражнение 386

    Замените выделенные части предложений при­частными оборотами. Изменяйте конструкцию предложения, где необходимо.

    1. When he arrived at the railway station,he

    bought a ticket, walked to the platform and boarded the train. 2. As he was promised help,he feltcalmer. 3. After he was shown in,he was told to take off his coat and wait for a while. 4. Robin-son started the building of the house at onceand finished it before the season of rains set in. 5.He poured out a cup of coffee,sat down in an armchair and looked at the wom­an who was sitting opposite him. 6. When he had left the house and was crossing the street,he suddenly stopped as he rememberedthat he had forgotten to phone his friend. 7. He looked at me and hesitated: he did not know what to say. 8. As he had long lived in those parts and knew the place very well,he easily found his way to the marketplace. 9. He has no lan­guage problems, because he has been studying En­glish for a long time. 10. After I had written this exer­cise, Ibegan to doubt whether it was correct. 11. Take care when you cross the street. 12.Students should always be attentive when they are listening to the lec­turer. 13.There are many students who study music. 14.Don’t you feel tired after you have walked so much?

    Упражнение 387

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя тре­бующуюся форму причастия.

    1.Артистка, рассказывающая детям сказки по радио, знаменита на всю страну. 2. Ребенок всег­да с интересом слушает сказки, рассказываемые няней. 3. Рассказывая ребенку сказки, она гово­рит разными голосами, имитируя героев сказок. 4. Рассказав ребенку сказку, она пожелала ему


    спокойной ночи. 5. Сказка, рассказанная няней, произвела на ребенка большое впечатление. 6. Моя бабушка, рассказавшая мне эту сказку, живет в маленьком домике на берегу озера.

    Упражнение 388

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя тре­бующуюся форму причастия.

    1.Мальчик, бегущий мимо дома, вдруг остано­вился. 2. Будучи очень занят, он не сразу услы­шал меня. 3. Услышав шаги, он поднял голову. 4. Выпив чашку чая, она почувствовала себя луч­ше. 5. Играя в саду, дети не заметили, что стало темно. 6. Подойдя к двери, он открыл ее. 7. Том по­дошел к смеющейся девочке. 8. Он положил на стол смятое письмо. 9. Плачущая девочка была голод­на. 10. Бабушка смотрела на детей, играющих во дворе. 11. Она любит смотреть на играющих детей. 12. Сделав уроки, дети пошли гулять. 13. Лежа на диване, он читал книгу. 14. Принеся свои игрушки в комнату, ребенок начал играть. 15. Прочитав мно­го книг Диккенса, он хорошо знал этого писателя.

    Независимый причастный оборот (Nominative Absolute Participial Construction)

    The day being piercing Так как день был прони-
    he had no desire to зываюше холодным,
    loiter.не имел желания медлить.

    Упражнение 389

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на независимый причастный оборот.

    1. The weather being cold,he put on his overcoat. 2. The weather having changed,we decided to stay



    where we were. 3. You can set your mind at ease, all being well. 4. There being no chance of escape,the thief was arrested on the spot. 5. Oliver knocked weakly at the door and, all his strength failing him,sank near the door. 6. The bridge hav­ing been swept by the flood away,the train didn’t arrive. 7. There being little time left,they hired a cab to get to the theatre in time. 8. It being cold and damp,a fire was lighted for the weary trav­ellers to warm themselves by. 9. It being pretty late,they decided to postpone their visit. 10. The hour being late,she hastened home. 11. The sun having set an hour before,it was getting darker. 12. The weather being very warm,the closet win­dow was left open. 13. And the wind having dropped,they set out to walk. 14. The vessel being pretty deep in the water and the weather being calm,there was but little motion. 15. The next morn­ing, it being Sunday,they all went to church. 16. For the moment the shop was empty, the mechanic hav­ing disappeared into a room at the back. 17. There being nothing else on the table,Oliver replied that he wasn’t hungry. 18. Mrs. Maylie being tired,they returned more slowly home. 19. Their search re­vealing nothing,Clyde and she walked to a corner. 20. The wind being favourable,our yacht will reach the island in no time. 21. I had long tasks every day to do with Mr. Mell, but I did them, there being no Mr. and Miss Murdstone here. 22. It be­ing now pretty late,we took our candles and went upstairs. 23. He being no more heard of,it was nat­ural to forget everything. 24. He started about five, Riggs having informed himthat the way would take him three hours. 25. Our horses being weary,it was agreed that we should come to a halt. 26. It having been decidedthat they should not go out on account of the weather, the members of the par-

    ty were busy writing their notes. 27. The wind stir­ring among trees and bushes,we could hear noth­ing. 28. The resistance being very high,the cur­rent in the circuit was very low. 29. This material being a dielectric,no current can flow through it.

    His story told, he Когда его история была

    leaned back and рассказана,он откинулся

    sighed. назад и вздохнул.

    Упражнение 390

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на независимый причастный оборот.

    1. His directions to the porter finished,he came up to his niece. 2. Dinner being over,we assembled in the drawing room. 3. The fifth of June arriving,they departed. 4. This being understood,the confe­rence was over. 5. The constraint caused by the old man’s presence having worn off a little,the conver­sation became more lively. 6. This done, and Sikes having satisfied his appetite,the two men lay down on chairs for a short nap. 7. The concert being over,the lottery came next. 8. Dinner being over,the old lady asked Barbara to come and sit on the sofa near her. 9. Then, the house search provingthat she was not there, Asa went outside to look up and down the street. 10. All the necessary preparations having been made with utmost secrecy,the army launched an at­tack. 11. The treaty having been signed,trade was at once resumed. 12. About eleven o’clock, the snow having thawed, and the day being finer and a little warmer than the previous one,he went out again. 13. The cathode heated,the electrons leave the sur­face and move to the anode. 14. Electrons moving through a wire,electrical energy is generated.



    Passive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающихPassive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающихPassive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающихPassive Voice. Упражнения на пассивный залог для начинающих Sir Henry was deep in Сэр Генри был погружен

    his papers, his longв свои бумаги, причем

    white hands moving(а) его длинные белые

    nervously.руки нервно двигались.

    She stood silent, her lipsОна стояла молча,
    pressed together.плотно сжав губы.

    Упражнение 391

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на независимый причастный оборот.

    1. Then they heard the noise of the plane, its shadow passing over the open glade. 2. She remem­bered him talking, his glasses magnifying his round blue eyes. 3. She sat staring into the fire, the sock forgotten on her knee. 4. He heard the bathers com­ing up the sandy road, their voices ringing through the quiet. 5. They continued their way, the boy sob­bing quietly, the man ashamed. 6. They went down the stairs together, Aileen lingering behind a little. 7. He lifted the lid and kept it in his hand while she was drinking, both standing. 8. She danced light as a feather, eyes shining, feet flying, her body bent a little forward. 9. We walked very slowly home, Agnes and I admiring the moonlight, and Mr. Wick-field scarcely rising his eyes from the ground. 10. They walked quickly through street after street, the Dodger leading and Oliver at his heels. 11. He was standing there silent, a bitter smile curling his lips. 12. The dog sat close to the table, his tail thumping now and again upon the floor, his eyes fixed expectantly on his master. 13. The electrons move with varying velocities, their velocity depend­ing on the temperature and nature of the material.

    14. Any moving object can do work, the quantity of kinetic energy depending on its mass and velocity.

    15. Radio was invented in Russia, its inventor be­ing the Russian scientist A. S. Popov.

    Упражнение 392

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на независимый причастный оборот.

    1. She stood listlessly, her head dropping upon her breast. 2. She rose from the bed and removed her coat and stood motionless, her head bent, her hands clasped before her. 3. Pale-lipped, his heart beating fast, Andrew followed the secretary. 4. Jack sat silent, his long legs stretched out. 5. The speaker faced the audience, his hand raised for silence.

    6. He sat down quickly, his face buried in his hands.

    7. Clyde sat up, his eyes fixed not on anything here but rather on the distant scene at the lake.

    8. She hurried along, her heels crunching in the packed snow.

    Then she sprang away Потом она отскочила

    and ran around the desks и побежала вокруг парт

    and benches, with Тоти скамеек, а Том бежал

    running after her.за ней.

    Упражнение 393

    Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на независимый причастный оборот.

    1. Little Paul sat, with his chin resting on his hand. 2. He stood, with his arms folded. 3. Lanny stood looking at the lorry rolling away, with his cheek burning and his fists clenched. 4. She stood there, with her brows frowning, her blue eyes looking

    11 Ю. Голицынский



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